To say that domestic violence is a means of achieving domination and control would mean that the perpetrators will employ other methods in addition to threats or physical or sexual assault to make sure the subjugation of the victims and psychological abuse is the most essential form of this type of subjugation. According to Deborah Lockton, Richard Ward, domestic violence "can be physical assault, sexual abuse, threats of either, or psychological abuse... It is not confined to any one socio-economic group nor can it be said that it is caused by any one factor. Furthermore, its practice is extensive. It is necessary to look at some of the manifestations of violence within what should be a loving relationship to fully understand the horror to which victims are subjected and the need for adequate protection to be provided by civil and criminal justice systems." (Lockton and Ward, 1997, p. 7). Significantly, the phenomenon of domestic violence is widespread in the United States and its effects can be long-lasting and life threatening. Therefore, it is essential to break the pattern of domestic violence through courageous efforts, planning, and a support network and this research undertakes a qualitative analysis of the various forms of domestic violence and seeks to find an effective method to deal with the issues relating to domestic violence.
Background and Literature Review
Domestic violence has been one of the most widely researched topics in sociology and family psychology and there have been enlightening studies which deal with specific forms and means of domestic violence. This literature review summarizes five relevant research projects in relation to domestic violence, focusing on an analysis of their usefulness, flaws and strengths. The five essential research projects analyzed in this review includes 1) "Recognizing domestic partner abuse", 2) "Lethality Assessment Tools: A Critical Analysis", 3) "Bureau of Justice Family Violence Statistics", 4) "Intimate Partner Violence", and 5) "Domestic Violence and Mental Health".
In the article "Recognizing domestic partner abuse", one gets a very exclusive and useful discussion on domestic partner abuse and the article deals with the various signs of this type of abuse, intimate partner violence as a health issue, and the ways of resolving the issue. Domestic violence, battering, intimate partner violence etc are terms indicating a phenomenon which is highly prevalent in the United States, and it is defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services as a pattern of assaultive behaviors which may be used against intimate partners within a relationship to achieve power and control in that relationship. According to the article, domestic violence includes physical and sexual abuse, along with emotional abuse and every form of domestic violence has serious health consequences. "Domestic violence affects people of all ethnic backgrounds; it occurs among the poor and the rich and among the well educated and the poorly educated. Men are usually (though not always) the abusers, and women are usually on the receiving end. In the United States, a woman's lifetime risk of being a victim of such violence is 25%. Women who were abused as children are at an increased