Therefore the athlete will use a series of psychological methods and imagery to overcome the initial pain. The two most common approaches are disassociation, which is to think of something else, something better and nicer to reach the completion of the goal. The other is to associate with the pain, to come one with it and to overcome it. The associative approach is the most aggressive and the thesis of this practical will argue the most effective for a professional athlete.
The union of soul and body is no chastisement of the soul but a salutary bond through which the human soul will reach its full perfection. This is not a theory forged expressly for the particular case of the soul. Rather, it is the case which is necessarily governed according to metaphysical principles, and their scope is universal. The less perfect is ordered toward the more perfect as toward its end; it is for it; not against it' Each creature exists for its own act and its own perfection'. Individuals exist for the perfection of the universe' The reason for the existence of a determined substance or determined mode of existence is never to be found in an evil but in a good (Gilson, 1957, 190).
This analysis of the human, as represented by Aquinas, as argued by Gilson portrays a notion of a higher purpose for each individual. This purpose links to the soul and is an integral part of God's creation. Aquinas' theory is entrenched in religious thought from the Catholic Church of the 13th Century; where science, theology, philosophy and politics where within the church's domain and the central belief is that man was created for God's purpose and life and death was His domain. The following exploration will consider the theological and philosophical concerns of Aquinas in relation to the individual and the idea of the body and life and attaining knowledge through education. The theological concern of Aquinas' theory is the attainment of perfection, because in the nature of being each is at a different level of perfection with God as the Supreme Being. This is a very important part of Aquinas' five ways, the basis of his cosmological and teleological arguments. The fourth and fifth ways also prove God, but also deal with humanity's desire to attain perfection and intellect, which is especially important for the philosophical; hence will be discussed in the following section. This is a similar approach to that taken by top athletes, they take their physical experiences and use this to promote self-awareness and a heightened state of consciousness and promote the best result by using associative imagery techniques to overcome the pain and reach their goals.
Mental imagery refers to all those quasi-sensory or quasi-perceptual experiences of which we are self-consciously aware, and which exist for us in the absence of those stimulus conditions that are known to produce their genuine sensory or perceptual counterparts, and which may be expected to have different consequences from their sensory or perceptual counterparts (Richardson, 1969, p. 2-3).
In short Aquinas' theory demonstrates that humanity was given freewill and the ability to attain knowledge in order to achieve the determined level