As stated by Marshall et al. (2000) stress is considered as an intrinsically psychosomatic progression, within such models. It is for this reason that more emphasis is placed on the psychology of stress. However, it has been realized that physical stress, independent of psychological mechanisms, may influence health, for instance longer exposure to excessive temperatures.
Figure 1: Adopted from Figure 2.1 Marshall et al. (2000)
Stress in Nursing
Numerous aspects contribute to the stressful nature of the nursing profession (Chang, Hancock & Johnson, 2005). According to Boey (1999) Inadequate staffing, work overload, awareness of tremendous responsibility, feelings of incompetence, lack of support from superiors, and interpersonal conflicts have been identified as work stressors for nurses. Other research indicates organizational factors, such as bureaucratic political constraints (Dolan, 1992) and role ambiguity, as key stressors for nurses (Sullivan, 1993). The research seems to identify a broad range of factors that cause stress in a nurse's work life.
As stated by Cooper et al. (2001) the research on work stress with nurses can be organized using the six general domains of occupational stress. Job-specific tasks in nursing can be highly stressful. Clegg's (2001) research notes that nurses are on the interface of service delivery and deal with many crises. Power & Sharp (1988) discussed some nurses' feelings of inadequate preparation to meet emotional demands of patients and their families in these situations. Stress may also arise because nurses accept a high degree of responsibility with little control over the environment or workload. Common stressors identified in the literature are...
This essay stresses that stress is a threat or demand or any other event or circumstances that compel someone to cope to the changed positions. It is quite common to say that stresses are unavoidable and significant part of one life. They are of various intensities; for instance the lower intensity ones can be such as family argument, a traffic jam or a withering comment by one’s employer and or the higher ones could be fear of death during wartimes or the demise of a close relative.
This paper declares that reactions of different people to stress differ widely depending on their different family and cultural backgrounds, their temper at the time, their individual experiences, and on other strains present at the same time. It is usual to observe that the daily life and lighter stress are easily dealt with by people, however when problematic issues arise earlier than they could be solved, it may overload ones adaptive capacity, thus leading to depression, chronic ailments and anxiety. Career development issues have also been identified as a significant source of nursing work stress, although there have been relatively few studies in this domain. Organizational issues may also increase strain among nurses. Kouzes and Posner’s work identified organizational change as a source of stress in nursing. They found that many health care organizations are forced to employ staff on short-term contracts due to nursing shortages, further straining the work environment and leading to nursing stress.