Childhood Disorders

Masters
Essay
Psychology
Pages 12 (3012 words)
Download 0
Childhood disorders such as learning and conduct disorders, autism and depression, emotional problems, and many other conditions are likely to be caused by multiple factors that closely interplay with each other. Though the multi-causal approach (i.e. agreement that several factors combine to result in one or other type of disorder) seems to prevail in modern research, there are still several major perspectives that view one or other group of factors as dominant in aetiology of childhood disorders…

Introduction

All popular perspectives (e.g. those focusing on brain structure and functioning, early childhood experiences, cognitive development, peer influences, sleeping arrangements, interaction with environment, etc) fall in one of these groups, though each deals with a specific aspects of either 'nature' or 'nurture'.
The balance between the two stances is different for each disorder and inevitably changes over time. Thus, the recent research of children with ADHD disorder finally rebutted the previously popular theory of the 'minimal brain damage' (Swanson et. al., 1998). Instead, the advances in genetic engineering and technology allowed more accurate and comprehensive research of genes allegedly responsible for ADHD and led to identification of two genes: a dopamine-receptor (DRD) gene on chromosome 11 and the dopamine-transporter gene (DAT1) on chromosome 5 (US Public Health Service, 2000). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

Sleep Disorders Essay
In Austria, a quarter of the population admits having irregular sleeping patterns. Several studies indicate that industrious countries record prevalence rates of between 20-30%. In Austria, unceasing sleep disorders typify those in the general population. In addition, sleep disturbance is the recurrent problem, but extended sleep latency appears to be the most generally treated one. Furthermore,…
Childhood Disorder
Psychological disorders which are early diagnosed involved physiological problems and genetic abnormalities. Similarly, biological problems cause mental retardation, learning disorders, communication skills disorders, and developmental disorders such as Autism. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Disruptive Behavior Disorders are the most common type. Psychologists provided…
Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
Externalizing disorders on the other hand are behavioral problems which affect how a certain child relates to the environment. They are in many cases associated with inattention, defiance, bad conduct and opposition. Such disorders include control problems and inattention and impulsivity problems (New York State Office of Mental Health 2009). Through examining these externalizing and internalizing…
Psychological Disorders
Findings from numerous studies discussed in this section highlight the value of interpersonal relationships and family dynamics as regards the development or maintenance of poor eating habits in children. Nevertheless, I must admit that such findings are not yet conclusive. Research on this field requires more efforts. However, due to the obvious value of family dynamics, particularly parental…
Physical Punishment and Mental Disorders
ent and mental disorders and finally gender differences were examined in relation to the mental disorders. This article describes correlational research as opposed to experimental research. We can tell this from the fact that from the study, participants were asked randomly to report instances in their childhood when they recall being slapped, spanked, hit, pushed or shoved by their parents or…
Personality Disorders. Symptoms, Causes, Treatment.
Their perception about themselves is that they are different from others. They may consider themselves to be 'better' or 'inferior' to others. The immediate result of this perception is a difference in their behavior which is easily notable by others; but not always accepted. With the passage of time, this perception about self and about their surroundings and others becomes solidified in their…
Childhood Disorders
All popular perspectives (e.g. those focusing on brain structure and functioning, early childhood experiences, cognitive development, peer influences, sleeping arrangements, interaction with environment, etc) fall in one of these groups, though each deals with a specific aspects of either 'nature' or 'nurture'.…