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Gender Differences in the Performance on the Stroop Test - Research Paper Example

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Gender Differences in the Performance on the Stroop Test

46 male participants with a minimum age of 19and maximum age of 42; and 29 female participants with minimum and maximum ages of 19 and 32 respectively took part in the psychological test. The test was conducted to figure out the differences in the mental abilities displayed by the males and females on the stroop test conducted on them. The tests were conducted in a psychological lab and several trials on congruent and non-congruent aspects were conducted by means of visual slides. On the basis of the visual slides questions were asked to the participants to state the correctness of the statements made in the respective slides. The answers given by the participants were recorded showing the total number of congruent and non-congruent trials and the number of correct responses against each was also recorded for a statistical analysis.Procedure:During the study, each participant was given a comfortable seating position to answer the questions in a leisurely manner. The participants were allowed to have a look into the slide for a sufficient time to make the brain assimilate the information needed to answer the question. The time varied from 15 seconds to 45 seconds depending on the questions that were asked. It took approximately about 15 minutes for each participant to complete the test. Results:The results of the study were analysed using ‘Minitab-15’ – the statistical analytical tool to get the accurate and detailed statistical analysis of the tests conducted. The following are some of the results:...
Procedure:
During the study, each participant was given a comfortable seating position to answer the questions in a leisurely manner. The participants were allowed to have a look into the slide for a sufficient time to make the brain assimilate the information needed to answer the question. The time varied from 15 seconds to 45 seconds depending on the questions that were asked. It took approximately about 15 minutes for each participant to complete the test.
Results:
The results of the study were analysed using 'Minitab-15' - the statistical analytical tool to get the accurate and detailed statistical analysis of the tests conducted. The following are some of the results:
Of the total participants males represent 61.3 percent and females represent 38.7 percent. This can be represented by means a pie diagram as below:





Congruent Trials:

The following is the descriptive statistics as worked out using the Minitab 15 tool:

Descriptive Statistics: Based on Mean for Congruent Trial per Participant:

Total
Variable gender Count Mean StDev Median Mode NforMode
Mean for Congruent Females 29 0.8576 0.0605 0.8600 0.92 4
Trials per participant Males 46 0.9987 0.1038 0.9800 1.02 5

Based on the statistical analysis obtained from the Minitab calculations, the following are some of the information that can be obtained on the performances of males and females on the psychological tests with respect to congruent trials.
The mean or average reaction of males to the stroop tests are more than that of the females in general.
Similarly the spread ...Show more

Summary

The present study “Gender Differences in the Performance on the Stroop Test” is to report on the gender differences displayed by the males and females on the stroop test conducted on them. The test involved congruent and non-congruent trials conducted on the participants.

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