StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Neuropsychology - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Neuropsychology

On the other hand there is some evidence too that expertise plays a role too - as facial recognition for species other than humans is demonstrated by professionals working with those areas ( dog breeders, judges, sheep farmers etc). In this paper we would examine the evidence for against the issue of whether facial recognition is a distinct psychological phenomenon.
Initial studies on facial recognition did not recognize that facial perception was a separate cognitive process. In one of the early reviews form the University of Aberdeen ( Ellis, 1975) it was concluded that facial perception was in no way different from that of any other complex geometrical object. They were however recognized as a distinct category in view of their unique social importance, the association of facial patterns with emotional states and the fact that faces were important in non-verbal communication.
Gilbert and Bakan (1973) were among many others who started experiments with chimeric faces, where one half of a face was combined with its own mirror image to produce a composite image. It was soon apparent form their work and that of many others that our brains have an inherent bias to attribute the half of the face in our left visual field ( the right half of faces) in their perceptual judgment of the owner's identity, personal characteristics and other psychological attributes. In Gilbert and Balkan's study, participants chose left-left composite images as more representative of likeness, than even true right-left real images. This was a major shift to the realisation that facial recognition is a distinct cognitive process.

The most popular current model for facial processing is that of Bruce and Young (1986) who proposed three stages in facial processing: firstly the structural encoding stage, the second stage of face recognition, and thirdly, the familiarity-decision stage. In the first stage, as the visual data of someone's face enters the striate visual cortex in our brains they are then processed as a recognizable 'face'. Thereafter, some of the basic features of the facial image like orientation, positional features and color, are re-created to form the 'mental' image of a face. In the second stage, the brain ties to identify unique and distinguishable features of the face, which makes it possible to identify it as 'belonging' to an individual, and selects features of a facial pattern which will make it possible to identify the 'broad distinguishing features'. In the third stage, the now familiar face is processed with all the specific details of episodes, semantic memory and emotional attributes that are necessary to definitely identify the person to whom the face belongs. The only other competing model is the interactive activation and network competition model (Burton, Bruce, & Johnston, 1990), which only describes an alternate sequence of events in facial recognition, but does not provide a comprehensive framework of how such information ties up together in a pattern of recognition.

The Margaret Thatcher illusion is an important part of this process described by the British psychologist Peter Thompson on a photograph of Margaret Thatcher shortly after she became the Prime Minister of Britain. In this effect, the appearance of an inverted image of her ...Show more

Summary

Face perception and recognition has been the subject of a lot of recent psychological research. Central to the problem is the question : are faces recognized by us humans any differently than other objects There is recent scientific evidence that facial recognition occurs at a subconscious level, without the subject being aware of it…
Author : nfadel
Neuropsychology essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Neuropsychology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Discuss how psychological research into false memories has improved the reliabilty of eyewitness testimony
Eyewitness testimony, which is based on visual perception, is commonly regarded as very reliable and valuable in courts. Although here have been serious debates within legal psychology regarding the accuracy and reliability of eyewitness identification, several judges seem to disregard the dangers of eyewitness identification.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Cognitive Neuropsychology
According to the paper neural development is a crucial aspect of the human psyche and as an individual keeps on growing the structure of the brain becomes more and more complex. The structural complexity of the human brain is an indicator that the individual’s abilities and control over his bodily functioning has become more sophisticated, and the psychological functioning is more intricate.
9 pages (2250 words) Essay
Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
The framework for component processes of neuropsychology demonstrates its application in three domains which are interdependent on one another: memory, spatial attention, and visual imagery. It is through these three domains that relationship between experimental and clinical perspectives can be integrated within a powerful and clarifying framework.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Experimental Cognitive Psychology
For many years, nearly all research in cognitive psychology involved carrying out experiments on healthy individuals under laboratory conditions. Researchers have shown great ingenuity in designing experiments revealing the processes involved in attention, perception, learning, memory and so on.
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Clinical psychology
Their range of work may include counseling, psychotherapy, helping medical and surgical patients etc. They often collaborate with other medical
3 pages (750 words) Essay
A critique analysing the neuropsychology of schizophrenia
Eventually, critique with regards to the author’s argument and proposed diagnostic tests for schizophrenic patients will be provided by
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Assessing methodological and statistical issues in a case study in cognitive neuropsychology :Semantic impairement with and without surface dyslexia, implications for models of reading
It is produced by pathological substrates that mainly affect the frontal or temporal neocortex – a trait it shares with two other syndromes falling under
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Evaluate the relationship between clinical and experimental neuropsychology
How can it be that the reading capability of this patient could be exceptionally different for identical terms when applied in different contexts? Likewise, what of the category of patient who sees the word ‘rose’ but read it as ‘stone’? How can
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Psychobiology -3 QUESTION ASSIGNMENT
Ungerleider and Mishkin provide a classical definition of the visual system by labeling the ventral stream as the “what,” which is for processing object information, and the dorsal stream as the “where,” which helps in the processing of
3 pages (750 words) Essay
World implication of the Stroop effect

From the research, it can be comprehended that the technique is a form of modeling for the sensory responses to determine the effects of emotions in the event of interference. By using color-word combinations, accuracy and time-bound estimates are regressed to deduce the extent of concentration, attention or brain processing speed.

1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation