Maslow's hierarchy of motives

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Maslow's proposed his theory of needs in 1943. His theory on human motivation concludes that human being have a certain needs, which they seek and then move on to the higher needs creating a hierarchy.
Maslow's thinks, that the basic need for human being is to get food and comfort and which has the highest priority, lack of these needs will jeopardize all other needs and can change people behaviour.


Lack of which can lead to loneliness and anxiety. Esteem needs are of two types: the need of self-respect and the need for recognition. According to Maslow, the self-actualizing people accept facts and reality with open mind rather than denying it. These people are creative and are spontaneous in expression of their ideas and action and are able to solve not only their own problems, but others as well
No doubt Maslow theory of needs have contributed a lot to understand human behaviour, however the needs process is not as straightforward as described. For example many intellectuals have produced exceptional work, while they suffered from mental illness, such as Galileo and Nietzsche. Maslow also mentioned that people would put often-lower needs first than the higher needs. However in the stories of prophets and mystics, the basic needs such as hunger, safety and sex are suppressed, and more attention is paid to higher needs. The reason for following such trend is that the belief is such societies not on the society, but faith on God, who is held responsible for fulfilling all needs. The Christian celibacy is also one such example, which may seem denial of sexual needs, but its basic intention is to overcome the human urges and allow the priests to focus on God.
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