Behavioural approach to normal and abnormal psychology - Essay Example

Extract of sample
Behavioural approach to normal and abnormal psychology

The behavioural approach to psychology focuses on observable behaviour rather than unobservable,mental phenomena such as feelings and thoughts.It assumes that both normal and abnormal psychology can be explained in terms of environmental factors and is therefore on the nurture side of the nature-nurture debate Specifically, the behavioural approach assumes that all behaviour is learned or conditioned, and can be explained in terms of principles of reinforcement. " The gap between normal and abnormal behaviour is reduced, since both are viewed within the same general framework" (Davison & Neale, 1990), and conceptions of normality and abnormality are relative to the social or cultural contexts in which they are considered.Classical conditioning (Pavlov, 1927) refers to a type of learning in which a stimulus that wouldn't normally elicit a particular response eventually comes to do so by being repeatedly paired with a stimulus that would normally elicit the response. For example, if the sound of a bell is repeatedly paired with the presentation of food, the sound of the bell alone will eventually elicit the response of salivation. Food is an unconditioned stimulus that elicits the unconditioned response of salivation; by being repeatedly paired with food, the sound of the bell becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits the conditoned response of salivation.Whereas classical or respondent conditioning is essentially passive, Skinner (1938) viewed the learner as much more active when he proposed his theory of operant or instrumental conditioning. ...
Download paper

Summary

The behavioural approach to psychology focuses on observable behaviour rather than unobservable,mental phenomena such as feelings and thoughts.It assumes that both normal and abnormal psychology can be explained in terms of environmental factors and is therefore on the nurture side of the nature-nurture debate…
Author : lnikolaus
Download 1

Related Essays

Abnormal Psychology - Psychoanalytic Model and Behavioural Model
All these affects the self esteem of the individual, hence there is a need to undergo psychoanalytic treatment. Psychoanalysis determines the chronological basis of the problem, changes that took place over point in time and enables one to deal with the truth (What is Psychoanalysis?). Introduction Psychoanalysis encompasses treatment of cataleptic factors encumbering relationships, work performance, mood alterations and their impact on self esteem. The method is based on the verbal procedures. The sole motive of psychoanalysis is to resolve the issues related with psychological problems by…
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Abnormal and Clinical Psychology
The abnormal behaviour is defined as any maladaptive behaviour that restricts an individual from normal functioning or a reduction in an individual’s ability to perform at an average level, or a person suffers discomfort due to other’s behaviour or an individual that may pose threats to other individuals can be considered as abnormal as well as a behaviour that does not fit in the social or cultural context may also be regarded as abnormal. We need definitions in order to properly diagnose an abnormal activity from normal. And these definitions are quite helpful, besides they fail to…
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Psychology (Personality)
The types of questions asked by lay people include the following. What is a personality clash Do people with opposite personalities find each other attractive Can someone have little or no personality Academic questions are also of interest to the lay person, and might include the following. Does personality change much over time What causes (shapes, determines) an individual's personality What are the fundamental dimensions of personality To what extent do personality differences (alone) determine such things as health What causes a person to be an introvert or extravert (more likely an…
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Depression in the context of abnormal psychology
Depression refers both to a serious mental disorder and to a normal mood involving sadness that all people occasionally experience.The duration and grouping of symptoms distinguishes depression as a mental disorder from occasional feelings of sadness. This article discusses depression as a disorder. Medical experts believe that depression causes more disability throughout the world than almost any other medical illness or disorder. As the number of patients suffering with different types of depression is showing an abrupt increase over past few years, it has become imperative to evaluate its…
9 pages (2259 words) Essay
Behavioural finance
Behavioural finance is emerging phenomenon in most equity markets these days. It basically talks about how investors make decisions and in turn how this affects the stock prices in the market and other broad market movements. This field combines psychology with finance and tries to explain what happens in the markets where humans who are considered rational act in a particular way because of their own limitations and complications.As opposed to traditional finance, whose underlying assumption is that investors are "rational" beings; this rationality tries to point out that as the fund managers…
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Abnormal psychology “Is Ritalin over prescribed?”
Each issue stated facts that merit attention,both stemming from extensive research and experience in the field of ADHD in children.Primarily,in the forefront of the issue is Peter R. Breggin,he denotes a view of non-support of medical intervention of crisis resulting from ADHD denotes a view of non-support of medical intervention during ADHD crisis Secondary is Russell Barkley, who has spent years of service in the research and testing of medical crisis intervention for children suffering from symptoms relating to ADHD.Peter Breggin states that medical involvement of structuring and regulating…
7 pages (1757 words) Essay
cognitive approach over Psychology
Man's continuous urge to understand humanity had led the development of various fundamentals in psychology. With their apparently significant contributions, these recent approaches, particularly neuroscience had somehow managed to make its impact. However their imperfections and bit immaturity have made each emerging, as well as the established approach somehow insufficient. With this, it would be best to for these approaches to collaborate to come up with a complete understanding of the human psychology. In fact, upon an extensive and meticulous observation, one would find a clear point on…
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!