It touches upon several areas including the ethical issues that are very necessary to be taught to the trainees so as to make them beneficial for the society and the profession altogether.
Career counsellors play an eminent role in developing their client's orientation towards their goals and maintaining a harmony between their professional and personal lives. For counsellors to identify the needs and problems of their clients and to solve them effectively, supervision is required. It implies that for new counsellors to become successful as professionals, they need to obtain guidance from counsellor supervisors and trainers who are experienced in the field. Wheeler and King (2000, p88) illustrate this point as, "there is something very comforting as a counsellor, when working with a difficult client, to know that somewhere in the background is a supervisor with whom the difficulties can be discussed".
As a matter of fact, a client, his needs, his problems, his backgrounds and his psychological state are all distinct from that of the other clients. Counselling all the clients with respect to their individuality can turn out to be a tough task. In such a situation, effective guidance and counselling from a supervisor can be helpful in the career of a counsellor to analyse and resolve client's problems in an efficacious fashion. Lichtenberg (1997, p234) postulates that, "relative to novice counsellors, more experienced counsellors generally have a bigger and better organised set of intervention tools and conceptual frameworks for dealing with clients". This experience and guidance of supervisor is necessary for a new counsellor or a trainee to gain an insight into the counselling psychology.
These supervisors or career counsellors train the new counsellors on the practical grounds of counselling psychology. The supervisors guide the counsellors on discerning client's behaviour, problems and distress, psychological state, ethnicity and background. He should also gain an in-depth knowledge of the various classes, ethnic groups and other public traits operating in the society. Brammer, Shostrom and Abrego (1989) maintain that counsellors should be cognisant of the distinct population characteristics, classes and lifestyles so as to be able to help clients in a better way. This will not only make the counsellors develop an understanding of various client groups and classes, but also will be helpful in identifying behaviours, attitudes and problems associated with specific social groups.
In order to prepare the counsellors to effectively help people in their personal and professional lives, the supervisors should train the counsellors on the counselling psychology. The counsellors should learn the behaviour to adopt in front of the client, the way to communicate with him and make him easy while disclosing his personal and professional issues. They should also understand the influence of counsellor attitude on the client's behaviour. Howe (1993) also illuminate that counselling process becomes effective if the client perceives the counsellor to be warm, understanding and reliable. The counsellor should be able to foster an atmosphere of discernment so that the client could speak of all his problems unresistingly. The counsellor should communicate with the client in a manner that can foster a spirit of