And that is perhaps because it has a particular style and certain characteristics. This serves us well when we are required to make fast decisions. If a snake suddenly appears in a stroll in a forest area, we do not try to determine whether it is venomous or non venomous or what kind it is. We make quick decisions based on what we see. There is an assumption that humans are limited in their capacity to process information and hence are often prone to use automatic processes. Complex problems are simplified to the bare necessities to solve them. Solutions to these problems accordingly are inaccurate at least if compared to an effort where proper processing was done. While the inaccuracy is not in doubt, the concept is not flawed. If the individual is forced to process all the information which is available to him or her and process it with a scientific accuracy and a high degree of analysis , they would be overwhelmed and confused , so in many ways cognitive miserliness is essential. Most just ignore huge amounts of information from the external environment, be it society or otherwise , and make quick inferences and decisions from a basic amount of information which they absorb and organize. ...
The concept of motivated tacticians is actually an attempt to get humans to a higher plane of cognition. Instead of using, perhaps questionable methods of processing information in critical situations , a more thoughtful thorough strategy is used , depending on the type of information and motivation of the person processing the information and perhaps even the situation involved. If you are walking in the evening hours in a neighborhood which could be termed as questionable , you might react differently to person of a particular ethnicity or a race , then say , if you met him in a business setting in a nicely setup office. It is generally now getting some traction the humans are motivated tacticians than cognitive misers. Though it would be foolhardy to say that people would be cognitively miserly in only rare occurrences, because some how they are more evolved now. They will always be cognitively miserly in certain situations. There are many situations where a thorough analytic thought process occurs, but it is definitely not all the time. A classic case was the Diallo case a few years back where four policemen stopped a black immigrant , who was just near his apartment complex , and as he reached for his wallet to perhaps show his ID , was shot 42 times. Diallo was not even armed. The four policemen perhaps made a split decision , based on the information they had and their own biases. A questionable neighborhood , and a black person reaching inside his jacket. That's all it took.
Perhaps in many cases a thorough analysis is not possible, but clearly in life and death situations it is necessary to be cognitive misers. Perhaps. Both these approaches are required in there own time and for their own reason Based on the nature of the