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Effect of Television Viewing on Young Children - Essay Example

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Summary
Television by itself is not bad; but it does have a substantial effect on children depending on what they watch and for how many hours each day. Often, too much television also has an adverse effect on social development and physical activities. The violence depicted on television can affect a child's perception and reaction to real life; too much television can lead to poor performance in school; favoring television to outdoor activities can lead to a sedentary life which in turn can mean an overweight child…
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Effect of Television Viewing on Young Children
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Effect of Television Viewing on Young Children

Other studies also corroborate this finding. Psychologists L. Rowell Huesmann, Ph.D., Jessica Moise-Titus, Ph.D., Cheryl-Lynn Podolski, M.A., and Leonard D. Eron, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan undertook a 15-year longitudinal study that concluded that childhood exposure to media violence prompts aggressive behavior later in life. The study was published in Developmental Psychology, a journal of the American Psychological Association (APA). The study was undertaken as a follow-up of a 1977 longitudinal study of 557 children aged between 6-10, in the Chicago area. In that study, the children had listed the violent shows they watched most and were questioned whether they identified with the aggressive characters portrayed in those shows.
Fifteen years later, 329 of those same respondents were asked about the television programs they watched as adults. Some of their close associates were also asked to cite any instances of aggressive behavior displayed by the respondents. Conclusions were reached by also computing any traffic violation citations or criminal records the respondents had accrued over the years. The results showed that men and women who had been exposed to very violent television programs at a young age were involved in more incidents of domestic violence and physical abuse, than the others. The study offers suggestions that can help reduce and control the violence children watch on television. {Huesmann, Moise-Titus, Podolski, and Eron}
Poor school performance
A study conducted by the School of Public Health, which appeared in the journal Ambulatory Pediatrics a few years ago, found that children with easy access to a television spent more than three hours each day viewing it or playing games on it. The study focused on more than 1000 sixth and seventh graders from Boston schools. Of the respondents, 54 percent had television sets in their rooms, while the parents of 42 per cent did not curtail their television watching time. Meanwhile, they spent less than 90 minutes on homework or other school-related reading. {Wiecha,Sobol,Peterson,Gortmaker}
Another project conducted by Barbara A. Dennison, M.D. of the Research Institute, Bassett Healthcare, Cooperstown, N.Y., along with her colleagues sought to reduce television/video watching by preschool children. The program suggested reading and family interaction as alternatives to watching children. An article about this study states "before the intervention, the intervention and control groups watched 11.9 and 14.0 hours of television/videos per week, respectively. Afterward, children in the intervention program ... Read More
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