The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology

Positivism was popularised by sociologist of the 19th and 20th century, such as Compt and Durkheim. These sociologists experienced the increasing ability of the natural sciences to understand, explain and predict events and occurrences of the natural world. They therefore believed that if there were basic laws or relationships between phenomena in the natural world, similar laws and relationship should be present in the social world.
The essence of the positivist approach is readily conveyed in Durkheim's idea that "The first and most fundamental rule is to consider social facts as things." This means that, essentially, people's actions and behaviours are basically controlled or influenced by external stimuli/factors, their ideas and feelings not relevant. Therefore, such behaviour can be objectively observed and measured in the same way that natural science involves the construction of theory and the measuring of findings.
Positivist sociologists claim that it possible, and desirable to study humans in approximately the same way that natural science investigates the physical world. Positivism, in its analysis, seeks to hypothesize and then evaluate causal inferences about social phenomena that will be generalisable beyond the specic data analysed. ...Show more


The goal of the study of sociology is to understand human behaviours and the relationship between biological, social and cultural influences on human personalities. However, looking at the ways and methods of studying human behaviours employed in sociology, shows variations and diversity in the understanding of the nature of people, their relationship to society and how best to investigate human behaviour.
Author : alittel
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Different Approaches in Critical Psychology
Essay on Critical Evaluation of 3 – 4 Different Approaches in Critical Psychology By [Name of Student] [Name of Institution] [Date] Introduction Recent times have realized an increased reliance on critical theories by psychologists to establish perspectives on psychology.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Six approaches
The six approaches are: evolutionary, biological, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic and psychodynamic. Some psychologists also use a seventh approach, that of sociocultural (Rathus, 1996, 17). INTRODUCTION The choice for this paper is Angelina Jolie because she has a very varied background and much of what she does is fodder for the publications, news stories and on the Internet.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Outline the assumptions and methods of interpretist and positivist approaches to research
All research regardless of its classification, be it interpretive, positivist or critical, have fundamental assumptions of what makes a valid research. Oftentimes, these assumptions differ from one method to another. These assumptions are described by epistemological concepts, providing notions and theories on knowledge and how it can be obtained.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Psychological Approaches
As far as practical application and popularity of use, the cognitive approach has surpassed behaviorism and many of the other dominant approaches of its type (Ryerson, 2008 and Burgoon, 1982). According to Ryerson (2008, pg. 1), "The Humanistic Approach began in response to concerns by therapists against perceived limitations of Psychodynamic theories, especially psychoanalysis.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Counseling Approaches
Such malfunction brings to discomfort and must be corrected by psychodynamic therapy. Using this approach counseling specialists discover the root of behavioral or psychological disorder, define it for the individual and offer special therapy. Frequently this approach also includes investigation and analysis of unconscious reaction of a person through interpersonal patterns.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Find out how much would it cost
to get a custom paper written by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email