Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!

The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare
Author : alittel

Summary

The goal of the study of sociology is to understand human behaviours and the relationship between biological, social and cultural influences on human personalities. However, looking at the ways and methods of studying human behaviours employed in sociology, shows variations and diversity in the understanding of the nature of people, their relationship to society and how best to investigate human behaviour.

Extract of sample
The Positivist and Interpositivist Approaches To Sociology

Positivism was popularised by sociologist of the 19th and 20th century, such as Compt and Durkheim. These sociologists experienced the increasing ability of the natural sciences to understand, explain and predict events and occurrences of the natural world. They therefore believed that if there were basic laws or relationships between phenomena in the natural world, similar laws and relationship should be present in the social world.
The essence of the positivist approach is readily conveyed in Durkheim's idea that "The first and most fundamental rule is to consider social facts as things." This means that, essentially, people's actions and behaviours are basically controlled or influenced by external stimuli/factors, their ideas and feelings not relevant. Therefore, such behaviour can be objectively observed and measured in the same way that natural science involves the construction of theory and the measuring of findings.
Positivist sociologists claim that it possible, and desirable to study humans in approximately the same way that natural science investigates the physical world. Positivism, in its analysis, seeks to hypothesize and then evaluate causal inferences about social phenomena that will be generalisable beyond the specic data analysed. ...
Download paper

Related Essays

Different Approaches in Critical Psychology
This latest approaches to psychology criticize the mainstream psychology and attempts to use improved understanding on psychological issues to cause social changes, and to prevent and treat psychopathology (Hepburn, 2003). One advantage of critical psychology over the mainstream/conventional psychology is that the former regards the social classes, groups and challenges that influence peoples’ social, mental and physical well-being quite highly (Fox & Prilleltensky, 1997). This paper explores the various approaches to critical psychology namely, the Critical Value Framework, Social…
4 pages (1004 words)
six approaches
She is the daughter of movie star, Jon Voight and Marcheline Bertrand, and has a brother, James Haven. When her parents divorced in 1976, she and her brother lived with her mother and used to watch her mother’s movie but did not really watch any of her father’s movies. She lived in both New York and Los Angeles and began taking acting classes. She has had her escapades of different fads, including wearing all black, playing with knives, and trying all the different drugs available. Up to present day, she has had two husbands, divorced both, and now lived with Brad Pitts and has three…
3 pages (753 words)
outline the assumptions and methods of interpretist and positivist approaches to research
It is expected of all researchers that they have profound understanding of the basis of their knowledge, particularly on the authenticity and extent of the knowledge that they acquired. This paper will provide a comprehensive outline of the assumptions of a positivist and interpretive research and attempts to describe how these two approaches may draw the most valid and sound knowledge from a research activity. Assumptions of a Positivist Approach The positivist approach in research is founded on the knowledge obtained from the positive corroboration of experiences that can be observed and…
4 pages (1004 words)
Psychological Approaches
Individuals like Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow felt existing (psychodynamic) theories failed to adequately address issues like the meaning of behavior, and the nature of healthy growth. However, the result was not simply new variations on psychodynamic theory, but rather a fundamentally new approach."…
4 pages (1004 words)
Counseling Approaches
There are a lot of specific techniques, which are used by the specialists of psychodynamic therapy, like interpersonal interpretation, free association, childhood experience, working through past, subjective responses, etc. This approach differs from the others with its applicability to the clients with good flexibility and ability to plunge into their past in order to understand and improve their present. (Jacobs,. September 23, 2004)…
2 pages (502 words)