Whether contracted in the early fetal development stage or inherited, autism is a disorder which affects cognitive brain functions thus impeding a person’s ability to communicate effectively. The disorder distorts not only how people perceive sensory information but how the brain processes it as well. …
Though autism is incurable and usually results in social isolation to varying degrees, various forms of treatment have proven to make a decidedly positive impact in the way autistics interact with others. Unfortunately, parents, as a rule, do not have major concerns or seek assistance for their child until obvious signs of deficiencies regarding speech and response patterns are demonstrated compared to others of similar age. This can occur as late as pre-school or kindergarten years. The age at which autism is diagnosed and the degree of comprehensive treatment received are the determining factors in that person’s ability to ultimately function as an independent adult. It has been demonstrated that this disorder of a biological nature can be effectively treated by utilizing a behavioral approach. This concept is examined in addition to the symptoms, tests and treatments for autism.
Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler was the first to use the term ‘autism’ in 1911 but he used to describe what is now known as schizophrenia. In 1943 Johns Hopkins University Dr. Leo Kanner used the term to describe the condition we are familiar with today following his study of 11 children that had withdrawn from contact with people, some as young as one year old. It wasn’t until the 1960’s the symptoms and treatment for the disorder was better understood. Until then “this lack of understanding of the disorder lead many parents to believe that they were at fault” (History, 2005). ...
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(“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words”, n.d.)
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(Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words)
“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/psychology/383272-autism.
The uniqueness of autism overshadows all other developmental orders. Without a concrete evidence, the diagnosis of and prognosis for autism is full with doubt. This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition. Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing affection.
According to the paper autism is more than three times more likely to occur among boys than in girls. The exact cause of autism is unknown to the medical community, but there are variety of factors that combined could be causing the disease. Children born with autism require a lot of care and attention.
In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism performance at the prelinguistic stage.
According to the paper individuals get extremely confused when they think about autism, as they perceive it to be a childhood disorder. An invasive disorder influences social and communication skills and to some extent affects motor and language skills. A wide-ranging diagnosis can include children with mental retardation and high IQ and people with extreme traits in their personality.
The real cause of the disorder has not yet been discovered. However, psychologists associate it to atypical chemistry and biological processes in the brain (Corsello, 2005). Autistic children encounter difficulties when performing activities such as verbal and nonverbal communication, play, and social interactions (Cohen, 2002).
Weaver and Hersey (2005) report that at least 1.5 million children and adults have been diagnosed with Autism in America as estimated by the The Spectrum Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) along with the developmental disorders that fall under its umbrella are disorders are characterized by deficits in social and communication skills.
The disorder has a strong genetic connection and individuals afflicted with the severe form experiencing facial malformation ("Micrornas provide new," 2011). There are a number of pervasive characteristics of
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