In this paper, I will analyze the most significant goals of cognitive-behavioral theory as well as its strengths and weaknesses. Further, the paper will focus on how the theory can be applied in the field of substance abuse with a guide line of the most appropriate stage of treatment.
According to William & Jane (2009), Albert Ellis observes that, cognitive-behavioral theory is the thought process that involves grasping the knowledge, recalling it, putting it into practice, developing beliefs on it, reasoning it and holding on to it. Therefore, this theory deals with the descriptive study of how the notion of cognition plays a significant role in shaping the behavioral blueprint of an individual. Precisely the term cognition means to recognize and to conceptualize. Before looking at the significant goals of behavioral theory, I will momentarily discuss the account of the theory.
The history of behavioral theory dates back to 1950s. The major proponent of behavioral theory at that time was an American psychologist known as Albert Ellis. He proposed that the human inclination is that the individual always strives to remain happy, but life denies the individual, such a chance. According to him, the feelings of sorrow and sadness are not only caused by circumstances and events, but also the beliefs and thought process of the individual. Precisely, men are affected by the meaning that they give to events (William & Jane, 2009).
Nick & Peter (2007) observes that the second proponent of behavioral theory is Aaron Beck (1960s). He developed the cognitive-behavioral therapy to care for patients suffering from anxiety and depression. His argument was that people suffer from anxiety and depression because of a preconceived negative evaluation of themselves. The third proponent is Albert Bandura. He proposed that aggression