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This week you learned about the central nervous system, i.e., brain structure and neurotransmitters. - Essay Example
Reduced levels of glutamate cause Bipolar Disorder, which is a mood disorder that entails longs periods of intense depression that alternate with manic episodes that encompass extreme excitement. Bipolar Disorder is formerly referred to as manic depression. Manic experiences…
High amounts of GABA in the system facilitate sedation or tranquility. Most tranquilizers and sedatives such as Valium contain GABA. Alcohol also contains GABA, which is credited with behavioral alterations after alcohol intake.
Side effects associated with using Dopamine include among others Severe allergic reactions evidenced through hives; breathing difficulties; rash; tightness in the chest; itching; swelling of the tongue, mouth, lips, face; chest pain; dizziness; an irregular heartbeat; pain, discoloration, or swelling from the points of injection. Dysfunctions in the dopamine system also result in disorders and diseases such as schizophrenia and Parkinson’s disease (Elias & Saucier, 2005).
Endorphins are recognized for playing an essential role in the depersonalization disorder. Antagonists of an opioid such naloxone and naltrexone are notable as having the capacity to treat depersonalization successfully (Saladin, 2009). The effects of endorphins are remarkable in persons suffering from depersonalization. Symptoms of depersonalization disappear entirely upon the administration of endorphins, which results in remarkable recovery levels. For instance, naloxone’s therapeutic effects are assertive of the integral role of endogenous opiods in the pathogenesis of the disorder ...