Once information is assessed in Sensory Stores, it then enters the Short Term Memory. Short term memory has a very limited capacity and the storage of information is fragile at best. The information is mainly auditory, is stored for 0-18 seconds and has a capacity for 7 +/- 2 items. If information is not rehearsed, it is forgotten through a process of interference/ displacement (loss due to competition from other information) and decay (loss due to passage of time).
Once information is assessed in the STM, it may be transferred to the Long Term Memory Stores, where the storage of information continues. Information in LTM stores has unlimited duration and capacity. It is encoded mainly through semantics, but can visual/auditory as well. LTM information can be Explicit, where the information is declarative and can be reflected upon consciously. LTM information can also be Implicit, or the knowledge is more procedural and can influence thoughts and behaviors without involving conscious