The act of helping without expecting any reward afterwards can originate from the socialization process or just purely self-interest brought about by the individual’s personality. Social learning theory and behavioral theories can explain the origin of this phenomenon quite well and especially for young children. For example, operant conditioning and observational learning can instill the pro-social behavior in an individual (Kinney and Porhola, 2009). Social norms in a given society can also foster the development of pro-social behavior in an individual since they guide all the actions and behaviors of an individual in that society. Researchers have also verified that pro-social behavior can be as a result of the situation the individual is in. For instance, if the person is alone in the scene of an accident and forced by the circumstance or the situation to elicit pro-social behavior. Diffusion of responsibility takes place if there are more bystanders and each expects the other to take charge of the situation to help. In most cases, diffusion of responsibility makes the person in need of help suffer more and may even die if the situation required immediate action like in cases of tragic accidents. There are different conditions that facilitate the occurrence of diffusion of responsibility: de-individuation, group think and social loafing (Hewstone et al., 2012). De-individuation is where an individual does not take any personal responsibility in what is happening because it does not directly concern them. When several bystanders adopt this de-individuation condition in a situation that requires help, then diffusion of responsibility is likely to occur because none of them will be ready to take any initiative to help those in need. The second condition is the groupthink issue. This occurs when group members (those individuals present in the scene that requires pro-social behavior) start to think alike, hence, leaving no room for brainstorming or creativity.
The paper “Pro-social behavior: diffusion of responsibility” seeks to evaluate pro-social behavior as the act of helping an individual or a group of people in need without expecting any reward from them. The help offered is not motivated by any reward or punishment…
In the past managers, generally, had only to focus on the economic outcomes of their actions or choices; nowadays managers should also take into consideration and evaluate the social, moral, ethical, and legal outcome and implications of their decisions. In numerous business firms, though, this domain of social responsibility is usually not recognized as a key or independent functional domain (McShane & Steen 42).
Data shall also be presented using graphs, charts, figures and tables as and when necessary. Due to the number of variables that are supposed to be presented, the quantitative presentation of each variable shall be followed right on with the discussions on it so that there will not have to be two separate sections in this chapter.
The sporting events, classroom environment, home setting and social circle are all embedded with the concept of competition in one way or the other. Children, as a result, perceive the competitors as their rivals. They tend to build negative behaviors and attitudes towards others in their aim to compete and win.
At its core, prosocial behavior is intended to benefit the welfare of another individual. What is important to note is that empathy and concern for the individual may oftentimes be the prime motivator, the fact of the matter is that egoism and practical concerns may also guide an individual to acting in prosocial manner.
In the modern world, CSR has received significant attention from policy makers, corporate decision makers and the general stakeholders of the society. CSR is now established as a set of principles by following which, companies would be able to take such actions, so as to increase welfare of the society.
The aim of the paper is to show all the problems that appear on Facebook. Privacy is very important. People do not like to be stalked and they want to ensure their safety. Third party software developers are able to get sensitive information as they have the behavioral tracking. Other people can view the profile or the can ask others to let them view the profile.
The theory explains the current event where a man in West Virginia died while on a shopping spree, due to a sudden illness on black Friday. Surprisingly, fellow shopper ignored the man’s body, while others just went over it (Gardner,
However, some of the children appear to be more aggressive than their coevals, and always exhibit aggression in their behavior at large. The psychologists have defined various reasons behind such an attitude. One of the most dominant