According to Erik Erickson’s theory of social development, it is at this stage that the individual has the challenge of ego-identity vs. role diffusion. At this stage, the adolescent must learn from their ego-identity, which is a strong sense of ‘who I am’ and develop a firm stand of what they represent. Without this, they will role diffuse which is jumping from one activity to another. This confusion creates a great chance of falling into peer pressure and influence since the adolescent has no firm individual moral standing.
The sexual development changes are the most captivating during this stage but at the same time can be confusing to some individuals. The release of hormones during the age of 8-13, the body develops a new feel and look. The period of development may vary in individuals with some developing over a longer period of time than others. The differences between the boys and girls are most seen at this time. Both boys and girls grow pubic and underarms and get acne due to increased skin oils. However, just about everything else differs according to gender (E.Caglar, 2009).
As from the age of around ten years, her height started increasing with the limbs growing first then her trunk. She started gaining weight with more body fat forming on her upper arms, thighs and upper back. Her hips became rounder and the waist narrower. The breasts started developing. There was the increase in hair on the arms and legs, around the public areas and armpits in the early puberty. There was also the start of menstruation and a greater sexual interest. The physical growth slowed down over the years.
With these physical changes, so were their emotional changes. There was awkwardness at first during the first changes with one worrying whether they are actually normal and whether they are the only ones who are going through it.