Russell argued that pornography causes rape because it enhances men’s predisposition to be sexually aggressive against women and children through the processes of conditioned learning and reduction of vital internal and social inhibitions against rape. This article shows that pairing pornography with rape through visual excitation can result to rape in real life. The process can be connected to conditioned learning, where pleasure is connected to watching porn, and afterward, pleasure is related to rape itself. Aside from this learning process, Russell underscored that watching pornography material reduces internal inhibitions because women are reduced to sexual objects in pornographic material. Porn stimulates rape myths, thereby making it acceptable to rape and assault women. Essentially, Russell showed that porn desensitizes men to see women as people of lower value since porn often dehumanizes women and turns them into willing sex slaves. Finally, Russell mentioned studies which indicated that the risks of being caught are directly related to rape. Lower risks increase rape incidents.
Summary of Seto, Maric, and Barbara's “The Role of Pornography in the Etiology of Sexual Aggression”
Seto, Maric, and Barbara underscored that pornography cannot be easily studied as a cause of rape because the former is hard to define, and that correlational studies are not enough to establish that pornography itself leads to rape.