The paper "Theory of Counseling and Psychotherapy" describes the author's personal theory of counseling which resembles that of a problem-solving mechanism: you trace the causes or roots of the problem, identify the strategies and solutions applicable to the problem, and implement those strategies. …
I believe my personal theory of counseling is practiced by many hopeful and licensed psychologists because it is actually addressing directly the causes of the person’s problems. For instance, if a client suffers from bouts of depression, I should explain how he acquired those symptoms of depression, think of ways and strategies on changing his behavior, and predict how he is going to respond to my psychotherapy strategies. According to J. Sommers-Flanagan and R. Sommers-Flanagan (2012), predictions are important because they determine what techniques to be used, the duration of therapy, and the manner in which the therapy is going to affect the client.
Humans are extremely complex entities in nature. They vary in terms of thinking, behavior, and obviously the physical aspect. This is the reason why we often heard that human beings are indeed unique creations. Despite being viewed as complex entities, I believe there are a whole lot of perspectives in understanding human nature. In my personal views, our thoughts and other cognitive processes affect our emotions and behaviors; in other words, I believe in the cognitive, behavioral paradigm. Corey (2012) likewise believes that thinking and feeling are important aspects in understanding human nature, but do not give us limitations on exploring other dimensions, such as knowing the manner in which the clients behave. I also agree with some of the views presented in the psychoanalytic theory, such that the past plays an important role in shaping our present behavior and personality, but I also argue that humans are not victims of their past; I still believe that it is inherent among humans to seek for their own free will. The past serves as an important factor that influences our present behavior, but it is a hopeless case to view it as something that hampers individual from changing that deterministic view.
Conditioning and learning are two very important factors accounting for changes in behavior. ...
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Alder’s philosophy of counseling is guided by the concept that human conduct is not solely predicated on hereditary and environmental factors. Adlerians therefore focus on subjective factors that steer individual behavior. These factors include “goals, beliefs, values, interests…” and the way the individual perceives reality (Day, 2008, p.
Adventure Therapy involves the use of wilderness expeditions, camping, rafting, mountain climbing, sailing, and other similar activities as an alternative to pharmaceutical, psychotherapy, or clinical methods of psychiatry or in association with personal counseling.
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy, which endeavors to resolve issues regarding dysfunctional behaviors, emotions, and cognitions through a highly structured, goal-oriented process. The psychoanalytic method is a less structured technique of in which the patient verbalizes cognitions such as fantasies and dreams, from which the psychoanalyst extrapolates the unconscious dysfunctions that result in the patient's outward symptoms.
Individuals in the therapy have rights to information but the therapists are given information by participants in a therapy in confidence. The confidence was the basis why information was shared to the therapist in the first place. For therapy to work, we must uphold confidentiality and share information gathered in confidence when clients gave us permission to do so through a written consent form or in writing.
Gestalt therapy sees the individual as a whole unit and understands that the individual has inside them the problem solving skills to help them resolve any problems. Behavior therapy works on the behavior of the individual and attempts to move them away from the negative behavior and thinking, to a place of seeing their problems differently.
The therapist's role is that of an 'active listener' who provides an atmosphere of trust and warmth in which growth can occur. Many mental disorders are felt to result from the client's self-concept being threatened by demands from others which are incongruent with that self-concept.
According to the report Christian counseling motivates the clients to solve dilemmas through spiritual maturity, while the professional counseling is based on helping the clients in analyzing and understand what has caused the inner discomfort. Counsel, help, advice, wisdom and plan have different meaning in Biblical terms.
herefore follows that, psychological development models that are based entirely on the male psychological development are inadequate for addressing the female’s identity development with respect to connectedness and interpersonal relationships.
In order to address the
It also discusses a number of issues to be considered when using this alternative. Also discussed are a number of issues such as the models of health, models of abnormality and the way psychotherapy can be applied to help patients overcome their problems.
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
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