on is as a result of circumstances and events that lead to stress in the individual, the author contends that depression should be studied in the context of stress. Depression, he says, is typically triggered by chronic stress and stressful life events, although this does not mean that stress will ultimately lead to depression. Those who have a history of depression are significant contributors to various stressors, including interpersonal ones, especially for young adolescent women (Hammen 201). These interpersonal stressors are, in turn, predictive of a vicious cycle in which there is a recurrence of depression.
During early adolescence, interpersonal dysfunction is predictive of increased probability of consistent maladaptive functioning in their roles as parents, lovers, family members, and peer group members. Depression leads to transmission of depression to one’s spouse and marital dissatisfaction and discord, as well as difficulties in parenting and transmission of depression to the next generation (Hammen 202). In addition, depression can also be transmitted from one generation to the other through genetic inheritance factors. Also, there is likelihood that depression could be transmitted to young people because they are in a life that traps them in the context of parental and marital discord, which, in turn, leads to dysfunction for their children and continued depression on their part. Finally, the author contends that there is a need for research into sources of interpersonal vulnerabilities and how they operate (Hammen 203), as well as research that targets depressed adolescents who have increased risk of recurrent depression and treatment for it.
The author deals with a pertinent issue, especially among adolescents, because they seem to be unhappy most of the time. Additional effects wrought by hormonal balancing and other changes associated with adolescence, the study of adolescent depression is important because it is difficult to diagnose