This essay enlightens the theoretical foundations of human relations inside the corporative atmosphere by describing different theories lined up by famous researches, Abraham Maslow, Adam Smith, Max Weber and others.
Adam Smith delineates the division of labor in society by using the example of a needle making factory. He contends that the division of labor is necessary to increase the efficiency as well as the speed of the overall operations. Compared to manufacturing, agriculture has little division of labor available since one person manages all the functions. This makes agriculture nearly the same in terms of efficacy according to Smith. Finally Smith contends that the division of labor in his society has enabled common people to lead lives better than those of “African” kings.
Taylor relates that scientific management is not concerned with measuring or quantifying physical phenomena. Instead, scientific management is about changing the mental attitudes of people involved in the production process.
According to McGregor the conventional view on management centers around the maximization of production using a “firm but fair” approach.
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs expounds a systematic arrangement of needs that a human being corresponds to. According to Maslow, the first stage is composed of physiological needs, the next stage of safety needs. This is followed by love needs which are followed by esteem needs. The next and the final stage is the need for self-actualization. He expounds that unless one stage of needs is not satisfied, a person cannot proceed to the next stage at all. Therefore, the lower stage is actually the pre-requisite of the next stage. In addition, a person can temporarily return to a lower order stage if need arises such as the stage for safety. Max Weber delineates his model of bureaucracy that is designated by their particular position in the hierarchy. Weber prescribes certain characteristics associated with bureaucracy and claims the bureaucratic structure to be the most well represented legal authority.