pplication of the strategies and the models for a cohesive society is however possible though an elaborate understanding of intrinsic psychological factors to decisions in conflict resolution and this discussion proposes theory of the principle of self in conflict resolution.
The theory states that an individual’s decision in a conflict resolution scenario is based on the person’s personal needs and the interaction between the needs and the external environment with the aim of optimizing gains from the needs and either seeking optimal benefits for the external environment or minimizing harm on the external environment.
The theory places focus on the internal environment and notes that external factors are secondary. Consequently, compromises can be made over external factors in either positive or negative directions, to help achieve a personal objective. Those external factors that may aid the personal interest are therefore improved to aid the interest while those that contradict the interest are either ignored or controlled to the extent to which they may be ineffective on the interest. The following chart identifies categories of external factors.
The theory is based on two assumptions on human needs and the desire to meet the needs. The first assumption is the hypothesis that human needs are unlimited and therefore always exist. This is based on the postulate into Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory to the effect that such needs influences decisions and behavior in an environment. the theory further assumes that needs are random across people and may be in conflict. Consequently, conflicts exist in the society and every person seeks to achieve personal objectives, contrary to other people’s needs (Kern 72, 73, Sanderson & Pugliese 144). In addition, existence of an established authority, under the social contract theory may not succeed in controlling all conflicts and survival for the fittest continues to reign in many cases. The theory therefore