Final Exam: Student’s Understanding of Course Name Institutional Affiliation Final Exam: Student’s Understanding of Course What are the basic ideas that Professor O’Brien has been trying to get the students to understand in this course? Professor David O’Brien’s course Evolution of Modern Psychology proffered pertinent issues relative to the evolution of psychology starting from philosophical antecedents during the time of the Greeks; during the time of Bacon, Hobbes, DesCartes, among others, considered as modern times; the philosophical discourses proposed by Kuhn, Popper, Lakatos in times considered as the birth of philosophy and psychology as fields of sciences; and the evolution…
More importantly, it was aimed to present the rationale for studying psychology as a scientific endeavor and the relevance its applications in contemporary times. One of the applications is cognitive and analytical thinking where relevant issues need to be broken in details to be clearly understood. The concepts of reductionism versus holism were discussed by Prof. O’Brien in his November 13 lecture, which stemmed from the need to analyze things by breaking down elements into smaller parts to enhance understanding. This is much appreciated given that most of the sciences he noted: physics, chemistry, biology, were predominantly significantly using the reductionist theories to assist in comprehending theoretical frameworks. As noted, the whole could be greatly understood through the sum of its parts. Eventually, Prof. O’Brien disclosed that much of psychology uses the reductionist approach by looking into complex behavior and breaking them down into smaller parts to enhance one’s understanding of these complexities. Another concept that stemmed from the discussion was the concepts developed under the great debate in philosophy from Heroclides and Parminides, the Greek philosophers, who presented diversities about concepts of change (Heroclides) and concept of stability (Parminides). Prof. O’Brien expounded that Heroclides argued that even though the universe appears to have a great deal of stability, it was contented that this stability is an illusion; and what is apparently real is constant change. He expounded applications of this concept in psychology through the question of identity and the personality theory. As such, it could be deduced that despite maintaining or enduring identity, this personhood is actually not stable, but is constantly evolving. Another set of basic ideas that Prof. O’Brien inculcated to the students were the concepts of sensation and perception. In his December 11 lecture, Prof. O’Brien distinguished between perception and sensation by noting that sensation is a peripheral stimuli parallel to the level of sensory organs and separate from one another; while sensation is the integrated or combined experience caused by different modalities. He then proceeded to expound the discussion to understanding the nature of the universe from the perspectives of Hobbes and Leibner who presented contradictory theories. Hobbes was noted to have concurred that the world is made of physical stuff; while Leibner asserted that the universe is made up of units of perceptions, known as monads. Aside from the theoretical discourses, Prof. O’Brien shares most interesting insights during the course including: his more than 20 years of teaching experience, how music was the most important part of the course, how his batteries for the microphone were thrown when the trash was collected; how he was confined in the hospital for heart surgery (because of significantly low 30 beats per minute in heart beat); the useful pep talks like raising hands for questions that need to be addressed so that one does not need to go ...
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(Psychology 4012 Admission/Application Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
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