StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Behaviorism - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Behaviorism

A behaviorist sees no difference between two mental or cognitive states until they have a marked and demonstrable behavioral difference associated with each state of mind; behavioral psychologists look for a behavioral explanation and evidence for hypothesis (Graham, 2000). Behaviorism regards that the learner has a passive role and only responds to the stimuli that are provided from the environment (Learning-theories, 2013). Behavioral psychology being based in learning theory suggests that all behaviors are based in conditioning which occurs when behavior interacts with the environment (Cherry, 2012). Main Premise The main premise of the behavioral psychology encircles these concepts: Naturalistic and objective (Hauser, 2005), approach of behaviorism; man is deprived of any mind or soul and only the brain has the capacity of response towards external stimuli (DeMar, 1989). Disregard for introspection to gather scientific data (Hauser, 2005), behavior results from conditioning. Manipulative tendency of behaviorism renders it the ability to not only predict but also control behavior (DeMar, 1989). Irresponsibility for personal actions, as man only responds to external stimuli and thus behavior is inevitable result of operating in the environment (DeMar, 1989). Disregard for the inner computational or cognitive processes playing a part between the environmental stimuli and the resulting behavior (Hauser, 2005). Types of Behaviorism Behaviorism has three types: methodological, psychological, and analytical or logical behaviorism. Methodological behaviorism implies that organism behavior should be the apex of psychological study and not the internal process of the physiological functions and how they mediate between environment and behavior (Graham, 2010). Physiological behaviorism is centered at describing the human behavior with regards to the external stimuli and their responses, learning and reinforcement (Graham, 2010). Analytical behaviorism has its roots in philosophy and states that when cognitions and mental states are associated with behavior it gives rise to the notion of a dispositional behavior, becoming clear from how a person might behave in one situation as opposed to another (Graham, 2010). Historical Background and Contributions to Behavioral Psychology John Watson being a doctoral student was interested in Ivan Pavlov’s conditioned responses and applied the stimulus-response approach to behavioral study (pbs, 2013). Between the years 1908 – 1912 he started voicing his ideas and had already started using the term ‘behaviorist’ by 1912; with the publication of ‘Psychology as the behaviorists view it’ in 1913 he formally established behaviorism as a school of psychology (pbs, 2013). Behaviorism gained approval of psychologists and general public and reached apex during 1920-1960, and Watson’s behaviorism has been changed over the years with psychologists like B. F. Skinner working for it. John B. Watson and Behaviorism According to Watson, behaviorism is purely experimental, aiming to predict and control animal behavior and does not account for introspection ...Show more

Summary

Behaviorism Research Paper Briarcliff College Behaviorism J. B. Watson laid the foundation of Behaviorism OR Behavioral Psychology, with the publication of his paper ‘Psychology as the Behaviorists view it’ in 1913; catering the belief that all behaviors are attributes that are measureable, trainable and changeable (Cherry, 2012)…
Author : lilliansenger
Behaviorism essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Behaviorism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Behaviorism
Behaviorism Name Institution Abstract John B. Watson established the psychological school of thought pertaining to behaviorism. Evidently, in Watson’s psychology review paper, the fundamental precincts of behaviorism were based on notion that beliefs could be changed, trained and measured.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Behaviorism
Speaking Applications 2.2 Deliver oral responses to literature Writing 2.4 Write persuasive compositions Lesson Objective(s): Students should be able to: 1. Demonstrate comprehension by orally paraphrasing the lines of the poem 2. Provide critical analysis of the situation of the persona (i.e., reasons behind their experience) 3.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Behaviorism
2 students are special education with an Independent Education Plan for mild behavior modifications. A teacher’s assistant is assigned to the classroom and a special education Resource Specialist is also available for assistance.
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Behaviorism
According to the paper the behaviorist approach gives much more emphasis on external stimuli and assumes that much of the learned behavior is an outcome of the external factors which can be observed objectively giving little or no significance to internal stimuli. The deliberate ignoring of cognitive processes and role of biological factors in human behavior.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Behaviorism
The theory stresses on the concept that internal psychological processes are not necessary for explanation of behaviors; rather they are influenced by the external not an internal (mind) environment. The idea of observable behavior made it easier to collect and calculate the information during the research conduction.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Behaviorism
Her fear must most likely have been caused by a rough encounter with a dog when she was a child. The childhood experience of being attacked by a dog or the sight of seeing another party
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Behaviorism in Psychology
Each of the three psychologists has their different views on behavior. The ideas of Tolman, Watson and Skinner have effectively contributed to the views of behavior on modern day psychology. During thephase of obtaining degree on psychology, students need to learn about the theories of the three men. Watson theory was that altering behavior can create condition phobia. Skinner theory included operant conditioning.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Behaviorism
As a result, behaviorists assert that people behave as per the environments that dwell in meaning that their surroundings have a great influence over how they behave. Additionally, Watson found that
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Behaviorism
In relation to the theory of behaviorism, students were expected to learn only basic skills such as arithmetic, reading and writing. According to behaviorism theory, learning is a permanent change is behavior that has little to
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Behaviorism
The “mentalistic” psychology often showed much difficulty to the psychologists in relation to the disorder’s diagnosis and making of predictions concerning this disorder that was frequently tested using rigorous
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us