The religion that emerged from the Arabian Peninsula spread throughout the world, initially in the nearby countries through Islamic conquests and then in west by preachers and migrating Muslims (Siddiqui 8). The west also saw a rise in Islamic followers as people having African roots converted to Islam in large numbers. Further division among Muslims gave rise to several sects and conflicts between these sects created political, social and cultural differences among Muslims all around the globe. Throughout the history since its emergence the religion divided in to two major sects (Shia and Sunni) and then into several small sects within these two major divisions. These divisions are based, not on the basic beliefs but on secondary teachings and practices of Islam. Geographically, the Islamic countries are states that are controlled by either Sunni or Shia governments. It is important to note that both types of governments strive to promulgate their beliefs in their territories extensively so that conflicts rise within the two major sects resulting in wars based on beliefs and for resources. Similarly these governments due to corruption and conservative lifestyle were unable to provide better economic prospects to their citizens. Hence during these conflicts and due to economic hardships countless Muslims in search of a better life migrated to the west principally during the period of 1930’s to 2000. Another factor of Muslim presence in western states can be attributed to the colonial era where many Muslims from colonies controlled by the west were able to migrate to Western countries. The number of immigrants thus far has shrunk after the backlash of terrorist acts and stern immigration laws, these acts also hardened the life of a common Muslim living in western countries (Ernst 131-135). It is a historic fact that both worlds have had their conflicts that have resulted in wars and religious conquests. In modern day and age both parts of the worlds with different beliefs cannot be separated in economically, culturally and politically aspects (Ernst 7). Globalization has brought the world together and many cultural, economic and political aspects are shared between both worlds. For example, a product belonging to a multinational company is sold across the globe irrespective of the religion or ideology prevailing in the country. Similarly many countries with Islam as a majority religion have embraced democratic system of government and English laws. Although there are countries who follow and promulgate Islamic laws (Sariah) in their territories, such countries are seen by west as un-civilized and fundamentalists. (Ernst 2-4) Muslims across the world have faced hardships, not only in western countries but also in their own countries by oppressors and clashing ideologies of sects prevailing within the community. Since the emergence of Islam as the second biggest religion of the world, Christianity or the western world has seen it as a negative force. The anti-Muslim stereotypes are common in western countries with negative image shared in media and amongst people. As it would be unfair to declare all Muslims as extremists similarly the entire western world and its citizens cannot be labeled as anti-Islamic stereotypes. In the medieval period, Christians were against the idea of another prophet besides Jesus Christ and hence the Islamic teachings along with the character of Muhammad were considered negative by the church. The military activity by which Islam spread in neighboring countries, Africa and Asia were criticized by the church and there
The religion that emerged from the Arabian Peninsula spread throughout the world, initially in the nearby countries through Islamic conquests and then in west by preachers and migrating Muslims (Siddiqui 8)…
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