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Atheism - Essay Example

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Atheism

Atheism refers to the absence of belief in God or gods or the denial of their existence. Atheism is divided into two camps: negative and positive atheism. According to Michael Martin, negative atheism refers to “not having a belief in God or gods” (Martins 221). On the other hand, positive atheism is “the belief that there is no God or gods” (Martins 221). As it appears, atheism can be weak or strong. One who is skeptical of the existence of God or gods would be considered a weak atheist while someone who explicitly believes that there is nothing like God is often perceived as a strong atheist. Therefore, the generalization made by the author that atheism is “the belief that God doesn’t exist” does not explore atheism in its entirety. Using Jainism, Martin illustrates the concept of atheism from the perspective of different scholars. For example, E. Royston Pike notes that Jain theology is nonexistent making Jainism atheistic. The idea of God, spirits and demons are all refuted. However, Jainism believes that there are supernatural beings: Tirchankaras (good men made perfect). Similarly, J. Jaini asserts that Jainism believes in Godhood and in numerous gods, but is atheistic in that they do not believe that the gods created the universe (Martins 222). All these evidence makes the claim in “Atheism-Shattered Faith” that atheists believe that there is no greater power in the universe invalid. ...
According to them, if the universe is traced back to God, then several questions are invited

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such as ‘where did God come from?’ Fozdar argues that God is the absolute reality behind nirvana and laws of karma. According to him, Buddhists rejected not the idea of existence of God, but belief in personal God who can speak using commonsense (Martins 226). This further shows that atheism is not just absolute disbelief in the existence of God as the essay “Atheism-Shattered Faith”claims because other atheists believe in existence of specific gods. Atheism constitutes rejecting the existence of God or gods in a narrow or broader sense where a narrow sense is the disbelief in the existence of all gods. There are indeed atheistic religions and atheism does not necessarily mean antireligious (Martins 229). An atheist can admit that certain principles of a religion are correct but reject that God sanctioned such principles. God is usually perceived as a supernal creator. God makes man in accordance with a procedure and a conception. In philosophic atheism, essence comes before existence. However, atheistic existentialism holds that if God is not existent, then there exists one being whose existence is prior to its essence. In many cases, people use logical reasoning to question the existence of the supernal creator, God. For instance, Jainist philosophers enthusiastically criticized the opinions of Nyaya philosophers in their bid to use logical reasoning disapprove the notion that God exists (Martins 223). This situation is similar to the author’s attempt to disapprove of God’s existence using his experiences. Using logical reasoning, the writer does not understand if God really exists

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Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Atheism Everyday, many people around the world face different problems that often leave them devoid of faith. Similarly, millions of people around the world have qualms if God really exists. Do these scenarios constitute atheism?…
Author : demarioauer
Atheism essay example
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