Religion and Theology
Pages 12 (3012 words)
John , Son of Zebedee, in the Gospels Introduction The New Testament includes three men named John. There is John son of Zachariah and Elizabeth, cousin once removed to Jesus, and most often known as John the Baptist, as in Matthew Chapter 3 where his mission in the desert is recorded.
Our study is about a third John, John, brother of James, the son of Zebedee, a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, and the person many think is the author of the fourth Gospel, as well as the three letters which bear his name, and the book of Revelation . ? John, a Judean Jew, was the son of Zebedee (Matthew 4:21)and brother to James. He was probably James’ younger brother as they are always listed as ‘James and John’. If Mark 15 v 40-41 and John 19 v 25 are compared it could be assumed that Salome, a women follower, was mother to James and John and also sister to Mary, mother of Jesus, which would make the brothers his cousin. His mother had certainly followed Jesus from Galilee in order to care for his needs ( Matthew 27 v 56). On the cross Jesus is therefore asking John to take Mary into her sister’s home, a very natural thing to do. Also, since Jesus and John the Baptist were also cousins, this would also make him a cousin to John the Baptist, whose mother, Elizabeth, was a close relative of Jesus' mother (Luke 1:36). Lea and Black state ( 2003, page 8 ) that the New Testament is a theological history. That doesn’t mean that it is not historically accurate, but only that it interprets matters from a theological point of view, so when we read John did this or that this is likely to be correct. ...