This can be attributed to the content of the scrolls which indicate a religion that was far from being monolithic. This paper seeks to discuss how the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls impacted on people’s understanding of Judaism and Christianity that existed after the second temple period. Impact of the Dead Sea Scrolls The second temple period was the period after the Israelites came from exile in Babylon. After the exile, the temple in Jerusalem got built again to retain the city as a center of religious activities (Peters 43). This led to the period that followed the building of this temple to be referred as the second temple period. Before the Dead Sea scrolls got discovered, information on the nature of Christianity and Judaism in this era was mostly available from the Bible. The scrolls, however, served to confirm some of the information previously available while contrasting some of this information. According to information obtained from the scrolls, the Dead Sea scrolls got written during the period between the 2nd century BCE and 2nd century CE. Most scholars believe that the scriptures got written by the Essenes, a sect in the Jewish community. During the time when this scrolls got written, Judean groups struggled to acquire and sustain both religious and political leadership. The scrolls, therefore, acted as primary sources on how the Jewish related to the outside world during the second temple period. The Jewish religious life, from these scrolls, gets depicted as both diverse and complex. One aspect of these scrolls that make them so fundamental is that most of the Jewish religious practices described in these scrolls, resurface later in Jewish and Christian scriptures. This serves as a proof that the religious activities could have been indeed practiced by the Jews (Peters 45). As pointed earlier, before these scrolls got discovered, second temple Judea got viewed as a monolithic civilization. Earlier scholars always believed that this idea of a monolithic society got uniformly supported by earlier sources. These sources included Josephus Flavius, the New Testament Gospels as well as rabbinic scriptures (Peters 46). However, these scriptures provided a view of diversity in regard to the second temple Judea which can now be identified and supported by the Dead Sea scrolls. The scrolls refer to several Jewish sects such as the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Essenes. One purpose served by these scrolls is that they clarify people’s understanding of the Jewish sects. This includes their contrasting world views and practices. However, all the sects in the Jewish community seemed to agree on the centrality of the Bible. The Bible got viewed as the most fundamental religious scripture by all the sects that formed the Jewish community. This was despite the fact that the sects differed on other concepts of sacred literature. Consequently, the non-biblical scriptures indicated varying discrepancies. Each sect interpreted the scriptures with a different approach from the other sects. Despite these differences, each sect respected and followed its interpretation of the scriptures (Peters 48). The Essenes were the strictest of these sects in regard to the observance of the law. This could be partially associated to the aspect that a large group of this sect had retreated to the wilderness. The differing religious scriptures indicate disputes about religious issues such as the temple and priesthood. The Sadducees
Author Tutor Course Date Dead Sea Scrolls: Judaism and Christianity Introduction The Dead Sea scrolls got discovered on the shores of the Dead Sea from which they acquired their name the Dead Sea scrolls. The discovery of these scrolls got seen as the most fundamental religious archeological discovery…
The research analyzes how the literary devices employed within the poem are important, taking special care to discuss the difficulties in translation from Ancient Hebrew. The constant repetition to reinforce ideas about the right hand of God and his power strengthen the idea that God is all-powerful.
Judaism. Monotheism One of the most important features of Judaism is the fact it is a monotheistic religion. Judaism is the oldest still practiced religion which first introduced the concept of one and only one almighty god. Unlike most ancient religions which postulated the existence of a collection of gods each with specific power such as the power of fertility, the power over the sun, the power of the heavens (weather), Judaism is the first religion to have been based on the belief of one God.
However, despite such apparent consensus, we ought not to narrowly focus our interpretation of the Scrolls, its authors (for which most scholars seem to agree are the Essenes) and the Qumran site itself when it comes to a proper analysis of contextualizing all three.
Identifying a founder of Christianity then will require one to determine with which person did the religion originate, who established it, who introduced it as an idea or movement, and who gave it its structure and organisation.
As we shall see, this task is not a clear-cut one.
However, despite such apparent consensus, we ought not to narrowly focus our interpretation of the Scrolls, its authors (for which most scholars seem to agree are the Essenes) and the Qumran site itself when it comes to a proper analysis of contextualizing all three
Yet most ancient cultures were given to polytheistic faith except for the three great religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam whose belief of the one true God had surpassed time. This paper aims to examine the origins of these great religions, their similarities
The question becomes does one believe Jesus is the long awaited messiah? Christians believe so, normally without doubt. Judaism rejects that belief.
Christianity has changed the world in the past two hundred years. America and most countries
The scrolls can only be viewed for a short time because they cannot be exposed to light or to humidity.
According to Jochen Duckeck, they became famous because this is where the Dead Sea Scrolls (also called The Qumran Scrolls) represent the oldest manuscript available of
But Jews believe that the Messiah is yet to come and Jesus Christ was not the one offered by the God. The main difference between the beliefs of Jews and Christians lie on the issue of Jesus Christ. This paper briefly analyses the