Name: Professor: Religion and Theology Date: Final Exam Section One 1. According to the ethical command to "do good and avoid evil", the individual is bound to follow their judgment of conscience. However, it is possible for the conscience to be in error. According to the Catholic Tradition, how does one protect, as best as possible, their conscience from error?…
However, people are constrained to following this judgment of their conscience. In this case, there are things that depend on people’s conscience such as respecting others. On the other hand, sinning against other people is considered a way of wounding their conscience. Catholic Traditions teaches ways of protect from error such as ensuring that one is not get involved in things that would make another person fails. Apparently, teachings of Catholic traditions are based on goodness, fruits of spirit; though, this focuses on the contradictory side of evil. Moreover, these teachings propose two states of being, which include being submissive to God and goodness, and refraining from being involved with evil things. These teachings propose that people can only be involved with either God of the devil, and the conscience is considered erroneous through involvement with the latter. Knowledge gathered from Catholic traditional teachings is meant to establish a distinction between God and evil. Conscience is erroneous through evil, which is considered a way of utilizing power for destroying spiritual development of other people; besides, this serves as a way of defending and maintaining deluding integrity. In this case, people establish a dominion over their victims, where they scapegoat the weak, thereby using evil to misuse power. On the other hand, the Bible in Proverbs 4:19 indicates that evil is “willful ignorance, refusing instructions, walking in darkness, attributes of denial and self-satisfaction.” Therefore, teaching authority of the Catholic Church plays a significant role by assisting people to distinguish between good and evil; in fact through this way they are able to abide to the ethical command of “doing good and avoiding evil”. According to teaching authority of Catholic Church, there is need for everyone to try to do well; in fact, this is achieved through determination based on true purpose. For instance, people should have intentions to assist other people, but actions such as stealing, lying, and coveting are wrong. In addition, the Aquinas asserted that God created human beings for a particular purpose, which is identified through reasons. Christians acts are based on the reasons based identified as a purpose of living. However, people are expected to recognize evil and this enables them to choose good and do good things. Nevertheless, there is need to recognize that evil lives among people and it is available to them. There is a chance for an conscious error to occur in situations where one is unconsciously involved into a trend of evil perception. Sense of sinfulness objects people from experiencing from of deterioration; though God wants to have a community, whereby people assist each other. Knowledge regarding good and evils offers a way protecting people from conscience errors; thus, people can dwell in righteousness. Therefore, the ethical command of doing good and avoiding evil is associated with people’s judgment of conscience, which can be influenced by the teaching authority of Catholic Church. Section Two 2. Apply the principle of Just War to a particular conflict involving the United States. (Ex. World War II, Korea, Iraq, Vietnam etc.) Make sure to answer whether the criteria of just war are met and justify your position. The principle of just war was not ...
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