The process of his conversion was not easy; he imbibed various religious philosophies and ultimately formed his own viewpoint about religion and theology. (Frend, 651-653; Ehrman, 80-81). 2. Donatism was a movement of the masses. It was formed by the union of a group of angry Carthaginian people and a set of uncompromising Numidian population. Donatus was the founder of the movement and he believed that as there was only one God, his Church was also one and it was characterized by purity. The movement gained considerable success and became a representative of the Christian and African religious ideals. North Africa under the Donatist movement gathered itself around its bishops and following the Cyprus and the Donatist ideals almost became a Christian society. (Frend, 653-656). 3. Tyconius’s Rules about exegesis significantly influenced the interpretation of the Scripture during his succeeding times. The philosophies of Bede and Beatus of Libana of the eighth century were both influenced by the ideals of Tyconius. Tyconius belonged to the Donatist Movement and his work exhibited the influence of the layman on the Christian Church’s theology. Maximian belonged to the family of Donatus. His philosophies represented a moderate standpoint inside the Church and were successful in gaining the support of about 100 bishops of Africa and Byzacena. (Frend, 657-658). 4. Augustine’s father, Patricius was of pagan origin, his mother Monica, belonged to Christianity. He was brought up on Christian ideals and his mother had a significant moral influence on his upbringing. His father stressed on his classical education and infused him with an ambition to have a public career. Augustine was tutored by Maximus of Badora. From Thagaste he moved to the school of Madaura situated on the northern part of Numidian high plains. In 371c he traveled to study at Carthage in Rome. In Carthage he pursued two philosophies: namely Manichaeism and another faith which advocated undivided wisdom through philosophy. Augustine returned to Thagaste in 375c. (Frend, 659-660). 5. The Manichaeist philosophy believed that Christianity combined reason and revelation in a truly spiritual process of worship. The Manichaeists advocated that it was not necessary to worship God at nay altar. Augustine was closely associated with this movement. His allies included Fortunatus, a byter of the press in Hippo, Cornelius an intellectual man, Alypius also a resident of Thagaste, Honoratus, and a pagan converted to Manicheism and Nebridios who followed Augustine through the movement to Platonist Christianity. Therefore the Manichaeists comprised a zestful intellectual society that valued Augustine for his good qualities. (Frend, 660-661). 6. Donatism was popular among the Christians in North Africa. The philosophy propagated theory of Christian martyrdom, which in the opinion of Augustine was no better than Paganism. Augustine searched for a synthesis between philosophy and the ideals of Christianity. He was prepared to reject the Old Testament as the word of God and accept a dualistic interpretation of the Christian religion. On the other hand the Donatists were in favor of imposing a ritualistic philosophy on their followers, which in turn was not acceptable to Augustine. (Frend, 661-662). 7. According to the opinion of Pelagius the Bible should be followed without questioning. He further believed
Worksheet No.19 1. Augustine’s conversion came about as a culmination of his prayers to God. In his account about his own experiences he claimed that he traversed six stages in a man’s life from infancy to old age (at 43) before he had successfully achieved conversion…
Most were illiterate except for the scholarly and rabbinical classes. Early Christians relied on word of mouth passed from village to village and generation to generation. The gospels, the earliest probably written at least 40 years after Jesus’ death, purport to describe the life and times of Jesus.
In the expanded version of Mahabharata we find Krishna as the incarnation of Vishnu and the wisdoms of the Bhagwad Gita, The holy book of the Hindu’s are proclaimed through him. The form of incarnation of Visnu was found after 300 B.C.E which is popularly known as the early Hindu period.
Shaivism laid emphasis on the love of god and the redemption that has been done for mankind, while Vaishnavism laid more importance on the God of the skies. Saivism was conceived in the state of Tamil Nadu in India, where the Dravidians are mainly found. It became a proper religion only between 3rd and 10th century AD.
Hindu religious customs and traditions have molded the ways of life of a major section of the Indian population. However, India is home to about 1.21 billion people of the world, and all Indians do not exhibit an equally strong religious inclination. This is especially true of the modern generation of Indian youths.
Bhisma’ s vow The epic Mahabharata has given a lot of importance to vows and also shown instances how people tend to maintain these vows throughout their life. Such a case has been illustrated through Bhisma’s oath. Bhisma, the son of king Santanu and Ganga become very happy on seeing his father living a happy life with his new Queen Satyavati.
The five basic ways that creation occurs, in different religions, is 1) through nothingness or chaos; 2) from a cosmic egg or a primal maternal mound; 3) from separated world parents; 4) from a process of earth diving; 5) from emergence from other worlds.
It was one of the engrossing and exciting opportunities in my life. Our class trip was scheduled in New York this November 2011; where I had an opportunity to come close to the religion and philosophies of Hinduism, know more about the cultures, the idols that are being worshipped.
Religion helps to fulfill all of these needs. This is the reason why so few people in the world refuse to at least consider the existence of a spiritual being. While there are countless of belief systems existent in the world today, it is commonly considered that there are five major religions present in society today.