The Christian Church needed to know what books of the collection were divinely inspired. The Gospels, containing the information about Jesus, his doings and lessons, couldn't be jugged as having less importance than the Old Testament. The Acts and Epistles comprising the teaching of the apostles are also regarded as created under His control. Thus, the teachings of the apostles were treated with the same respect as the ancient prophetic writings. The Church then broke with Judaism and rejected the authority if the Old Testament, but regarded it as the Word of God, taking Jesus and His disciples as example.
The New Testament consists of twenty-seven writings, referred to eight authors. Six of them are believed to be apostles - Jude, James, Peter, Paul, John and Matthew, and the other two are their direct followers, Luke and Mark. If these books are regarded from the point of view of the literature and from the historical point of view, they would be observed as didactic books including Epistles, prophetical book, that is Apocalypse, and the books on the historical topic - Gospels and Acts.(2)
The date of the origin of the Old Testament is referred to 2500-3500 years ago. It is assumed that it was made by the people with a culture and traditions quite different from the nowadays society. Inspite of the strong traditional links, which the Christian Church keeps within the ages, the Word of God, being read by a modern reader is judged differently compared to perception of the readers of the Medieval, and of course, of the authors, created the writing. Our interpretation and understanding of an ancient text are influenced by the tendencies of the lifestyle and culture inherent to our society. Thus, while reading and studying the sacred texts, it is necessary to remember about possible influence of the present reality. (5)
It is known that there were no text in the time before the printing was invented came to us without alterations. The reasons for the alterations are evident - it went through the hands of the copyists, translators, who very often didn't care to keep the original text. That is why we often have several variants of the same text now. As far as the Scriptures are concerned, the alterations are accompanied with controversies in dogmatical meaning of the text. The text of the New Testament, for instance, revealed more than 1500,000 readings.(5) The facts mentioned above make evident that the words, that are presented by the church as the Word of God, belong to humans. However, careful studying numerous variants of the text allows finding the original meaning, restoring the original text.
One of the researches tries to link the word of God to the notion about the world and Universe existing at present. For instance, he observes the seeming contradictions between the notion of evolution and the creation of the Earth as it is described in the Bible. He refers to the words of God spoken from the mountain Sinai: "For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the