(Acts 18:2 - AD 49).
Romans and Galatians are two of Paul's most profound epistles. Since Paul's conversion to Christ in A.D. 35, (Calvin pg. 13) he is widely heralded as the greatest apostle. J. Vernon McGee calls him "the Moses of the New Testament." Paul's life turned 180 degrees from his conversion. He was passionate in his persecution of Christians as Saul and his passion changed that all may know Christ as he knew Him. Thirty years later he is addressing the Jewish remnant in Rome. Acts and these two Epistles provide fundamental truths for day to day Christian Living.
The Day of Pentecost is the 50th day after the Passover. It is one of the three annual feasts. Jesus was crucified during the Passover which is another one of the annual feasts. Pentecost portrays Christ's character and marks the beginning of His kingdom. (McGarvey pg. 28)
The 11 remaining Apostles gathered to choose someone to take Judas's place in the ministry. They felt that Judas Iscariot's apostasy left a void in their ministry. (Acts 1:17) Their requirements was for a man that has been with them since the beginning of Christ's ministry and also witnessed his resurrection. Many theologians including J. Vernon McGee believe that Peter and the rest were operating in the flesh and without the guidance of the Holy Spirit. (Acts, pg. 6)
Not much is known about thes...
Not much is known about these two men. Henry suggests that this Joseph is the same one that Paul mentions in Colossians 4:11. Not only is Joseph circumcised, but he remains faithful in ministry. (Henry pg. 36)
24 And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen,
The Apostles were consistent in seeking God during their selection process. Hearkening to 1 Samuel 16:7, they asked God to examine the hearts of both candidates. They limited God's choice between these two. Since many people met the criteria listed in the earlier verses, it is unknown the process the Apostles used to choose these two as the final candidates. This is different than the process that is demonstrated in Joshua 7:16-18. In order to discover whose sin caused the Israel to be defeated at Ai, Joshua cast lots repeatedly until he arrived at Achan. It is very likely that the Apostles were guilty of seeking God in the middle of the selection process and not from the beginning.
25 That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his own place.
26 And they gave forth their lots; and the lot fell upon Matthias; and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.
This is the last time that Matthias is mentioned in Scripture. That by itself is not a condemnation of him. Most of the Apostles' deed were not mentioned in Scripture. This is in no means a statement that they are less important than Apostles like Peter who appear throughout both the book of Acts and the entire New Testament. (Schultz pg. 14) Matthew Henry believed that the number of apostles had to be twelve. Matthias was Judas'