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Religion and Theology
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The teleological argument for the existence of God is an argument from Design, or Analogy, propounded mainly by St. Thomas Aquinas in the thirteenth century, and much later by William Paley. Simply put, the argument from Design states that the measured intricacy of the things in the universe and the order which they seem to follow can only be justified by a pre-conceived design, and by implication an intelligent entity capable of designing it…

Introduction


Some of the most powerful critiques of the teleological argument for the existence of God have come from the works of David Hume, widely considered one of the most significant exponents of philosophical naturalism ever to have written in English. Taking forward Darwin's famous naturalistic explanation of the nature of existence without the need of a Supreme Being, Hume calls into question whether the order and design in the Universe can be proven to exist without doubt, because in many cases order can happen without conscious design.
Order lies in eyes of the beholder, according to Hume, human beings impose apparent order on chaos while viewing it, for there is no credible empirical evidence for a higher purpose or design. As to the watchmaker analogy, Hume argues that we can make a statement about watches and watchmakers because we have experience of both. ...
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