Religion and Theology
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Buddhism and Jainism are among the three major Ancient religions in India, the other one is Brahaminism. Buddhism and Jainism were inspired and rooted in the Indus Valley tradition and the Aryan tradition respectively. It was previously known that these religions started almost simultaneously, but latest research and excavation at Mohenjodaro and Harappa has shown that Jainism existed more than five thousands year ago (Antiquity of Jainism).


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The history of Buddhism spans from the 6th century BCE to the present, starting with the birth of the Buddha Siddharta Gautama (History of Buddhism). India is considered to be the birthplace of Buddhism where Buddha found enlightenment at the age of 35. He was then became to be known as Gautama Buddha, or simply "The Buddha", which means "the awakened one" (History of Buddhism). Buddha took much of his inspiration from the Indus Valley religions and traditions. Buddhism flourished in India during the dynasty of the Guptas (4th-6th century). Indian Buddhism weakened in the 7th century following White Hun and Islamic invasions. However, it enjoyed a strong revival under the Pala Empire, in which Mahayana Buddhism flourished between the 8th and the 12th century (History of Buddhism). Some non-Buddhist religion adopted many great things from Buddhism doctrine but spoke ill of Buddhism as well to discredit Buddhism. Some other religious fanatics also have persecuted the Buddhists, a process, which other foreign invaders of India followed, until Buddhism was practically driven out of India (Buddhism in India). ...
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