In the tribe Navajo there is a ceremony of initiation which is called Kinaalda. At Apaches similar ritual is referred to as "A dance of rising sun". It is a complex ritual which allows to celebrate the beginning of menstrual cycle of a girl. Her transition to the stage of sexual maturity is declared to all tribe and is celebrated by a bright and magnificent ceremony that lasts four days and nights.
Today the ritual is fulfilled as in former times.
Kinaalda is a rite of passage, any ritual or ceremony connected with the change of social status of the person or group of people, for example, burial, knighting, initiation, christening (in particular, fighting), etc. In this particular case a girl is initiated into the world of women. Rites of passage are not just ceremonies of moving from one approved state to the next but sometimes happened for attained statutes. As Keith (1964) described: "Kinaalda is a summary, or way of giving meaning to skills and values learned gradually in childhood". (p.35)
In many collective cultures teenage years is a time to undertake appropriate social roles that are often related to tasks to family, kin, or tribe. Obviously, we described a ceremony that stand for attribution of a social identity unfolding that strengthens the vital feminine gender position in matrilineal way of life. The young woman takes part in rituals that make an impact on her role modelling (Changing women) who reflects the understanding of Navajo womanhood. It is the well-off expressiveness of rituals that induce improvement toward finest identity being a very exact ascription of a female identity. (Markstrom and Iborra 2003 p.418-419)
The Changing woman was born by miracle and 4 d ...