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Religion and Theology
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Born in Tarsus, the capital of Cilicia, Paul was a product of Jewish Diaspora in Asia Minor and was not a native Palestine (Hooker 1996). Because of this diaspora, Paul gained a Roman citizenship (Murphy-O'Connor 1997). There is ambiguity in what is known about Paul, yet from Phillipians 3:5 it is known that Paul belonged to the tribe of Benjamin from where he was circumcised, then given the name Saul (Prat 1911).

Introduction


However, on the road to Damascus, Paul saw a blinding light and fell to the ground. He then heard a voice saying "Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me" (Acts 9:4) It was this experience that brought upon the baptism of Paul, and eventually, his preachings in to Gentiles in different synagogues began. These teachings are what made Paul one the most important founders of Christianity and an effective and strong advocate of Christ's teachings.
Paul teachings are rooted in this vision and conversion, which has then resulted to his rethinking of his understanding of Christ and the law (Matera 2006). Paul realized that if the Crucified One has been glorified as God's right hand, then his relationship with God is unparalleled, being that he is the son of God and the appointed Messiah, and as such, he bears the image of God and is the eschatological Adam (Matera 2006).
Moreover, if the crucified one has been ressurected from the dead, then all those dead will be raised, and Christ will come again, and that the crucifixion was not God's punishment for Jesus and his violation of the law, but rather it is part of God's plan of redemption (Matera 2006).
Shires (1966) defined eschatology as "the branch of theology that deals with the last things of heaven and hell, judgement, r ...
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