Terrorism, as evidenced by the 9/11 bombings leaves detrimental impacts not only in the United States but all over the world. Thus, it should be countered and eradicated in order to promote and safeguard peace and order. Written from a Protestant point of view, Charles shifted from the traditional view propagated by other religious organizations and sects. He rebuffed the "overwhelming presumption" that the use of military force and the use of any form of force is immortal. He argued that "peace is not the absence of war" but attainment of peace has a high prize-that God is sovereign above all but every person as a steward, is accountable to Him in safeguarding peace. Charles strongly asserts that violence can be used in order to attain peace and justice.
The author, instead of promoting the traditional viewpoint of pacifism or the use of violence in countering global problems like terrorism, argued for the use of just war. Just war became a mediating factor which lies between the maxims of pacifism and jihad (holy war). Hence, his book is a good introduction of what just war is as well as its justification.
Charles (2005, p. 19-20) defined just war as follows: "The just war position-an expression of consensual Christian thinking through the ages-seeks to mediate this tension [pacifism and war]. ...Show more