Islam: The Straight Path by John L. Esposito

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Religion and Theology
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The book starts with Mohammad and the basic teachings of Koran and Islam. It tells about the how Islam basically starts and when Mohammad starts preaching and the behavior of people in the land at that time…

Introduction

The book starts with Mohammad and the basic teachings of Koran and Islam. It tells about the how Islam basically starts and when Mohammad starts preaching and the behavior of people in the land at that time.Begging with Caliphs, the writer gave the descriptions about the four caliphs of Muslim world. Starting with Abu Bakar, who was the first Caliph, and started his rule after the death of Mohammad. It was a difficult time for Muslims, as after the death of their Prophet, people started to pay less attention to Islamic laws and also there was a chance of anarchy. But Abu Bakar controlled the Muslims with his wisdom. He ruled for two years and was succeeded by Omar. A man of rules, Omar played an important role in Muslim's revival and also many areas were conquered in his era. His era shows the great development within Muslim world, not only as they conquered different parts of Middle East and Africa, but also he solved many conflicts within Muslim world. He established few basic practices. He remained as a Caliph for almost a decade and during this time, Islam spread worldwide and he conquered large are of land as well. Hence, his era could be called the unforgettable era of Muslims. He established the first public treasury and also financial administration for the first time. Umar succeded by Usman, the third Muslim Caliph, ruled for almost twelve years. Islam spread worldwide during his era. He arranged the Koran in an order and spread it all over with the same order. The Koran that is read by Muslim today is the same version. ...
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