StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Religion in China - Research Paper Example

Nobody downloaded yet
However, religion in China is actually considered pluralist. Meaning, religion in China is considered to be more family-oriented and does not strictly require observance by its members. This paper shall discuss religion in China, considering its application and the various practices seen in the country.
Considering the pluralist nature of religion in China, various authors and scholars define religion in China as cultural practices, not actual “religions” (Taylor, 1982). Nevertheless, in the popular and contemporary context, various religions abound in China, including Buddhism, Confucianism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity, among others. Buddhism is the most common religion in China and was first seen in the country in the first century (Landaw and Baudian, 2003). The Chinese folk religion known as Shenism is however China’s largest religion as it encompasses various religious traditions (Gargan, 2001). Shenism is a combination of various ethnic religions, including Taoism, the worship of the shens, heroes, ancestors, Chinese mythological figures, and local ethnic deities (Gargan, 2001). In the seventh century, Christianity in China was first seen; it re-emerged in the 16th century with the appearance of the Jesuit missionaries. As the 18th century saw the entry of Europeans into China, Western religions were eventually introduced in the country (Hughes, 2005). More religious freedom was seen in the 1980s and Taoism and Buddhism became an important part of their culture. In the current context, Shenism and Buddhism are considered the most popular religions in China, and smaller percentages of the population are Christians or belong to other religious groupings. In considering the historical beginnings of religion in China, it is important to note that before Chinese civilization was established, the ethnic and folk religious practices were practiced alongside shamans (Walter and Fridman, 2004). With the advent of Chinese civilization, the indigenous and folk religious practices slowly emerged and developed; and this saw the introduction of animism and Taoism into China’s culture (Walter and Fridman, 2003). It is very much supported by the Chinese people, with the firm recognition of the impact of these religions in their lives and their daily activities. The People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949 and it is considered atheist as it sees religion as part of foreign colonialism; it also strictly adheres to the separation of Church and State (Overmyer, 2003). In the mid-1960s, the Cultural Revolution firmly emphasized the elimination of religions; this period saw the destruction of places of worship. In the 1970s, the end of the Cultural Revolution saw improved tolerance in religions and the expression of these religions – with emphasis on the freedom of religions (Hughes, 2005). Their 1978 Constitution also emphasized on this mandate with Article 46 which emphasizes on religious freedom and the non-discrimination of citizens due to religious beliefs (Peale, 2005). There have been various programs to rebuild Buddhist and Taoist temples in the 1980s and these programs have helped in integrating religion as an important part of the Chinese culture. Buddhists in China are spread out all over the country. The Southern provinces are strong in Shenism and Taoism (Hays, 2010). Chinese folk religions are seen in the central regions and are hardly seen in the northern regions. The northern regions are atheist and agnostics with some Buddhists and Taoists mixed into the population (Hughes, 2005). Sichuan is dominated by Taoists and the eastern regions and coastal provinces are mostly Christians (Little and Eichman, 2000). Tibetan Muslim ...Show more


Religion in China is considered one of the more interesting topics coming out of the country. Considering its ancient history, as well as its traditionally restrictive governance, religion seems to be expected as a controlled belief and expression in China…
Author : dayton25
Religion in China essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Religion in China"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Religion and Violence
Among the main religious traditions of the world are Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, Islam and Judaism. All religious traditions underscore ethical values, and peaceful coexistence based on justice and harmony with the earth. To counteract violence, it is important for all individuals to go beyond religious idealism, as well as narrow political, national or economic objectives .
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Religion in Vietnam
A thought that flows through a person’s mind after reading this topic is that theories of science will outdate religion. Science will change people’s way of thinking on religion and make it less influential. Science will emerge with different answers to questions that are of paramount concern in the society, and thus dominate over religion.
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
Persistence of Christianity in Post communist china
This is because; after the 1949 revolution, missionaries were ejected from China and persecuted most between 1950s and 60s. In addition, persecution of Christians was more elaborate between 1966 and 1977, particularly fueled by The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution under Mao.3 The 1949 communist revolution banned and outlawed Christianity as a religion, considering it as opium of the people; offering conflicting ideals from the communist ideologies, which were supreme and an end to all practices in China.
8 pages (2000 words) Research Paper
The Generation Y of China
The Generation Y of China. The generation Y of China is very different from its forefathers. This has resulted from many external forces and factors as well as cultural change. The post-1980 generation of China can be characterized by the words; media-governed, controlled, and suppressed and yet very hardworking .
3 pages (750 words) Research Paper
Religion and International Relations
Religion and politics go hand in hand ever since the beginning of time because it is one of the key things that ties population together and constitutes culture of a region. Fox and Sandler (2010, p.1) have argued that the pertinence of religion in international politics have been triggered by the terrorist attack on the Twin Tower, as it was the first time the Western world had witnessed conflicts that were motivated by religion.
7 pages (1750 words) Research Paper
The Introduction of Buddhism to Ancient China
Although he studied Brahmanism, he rejected it and reached enlighten as he assumed the title of Buddha which means one who is awakened. He commanded large following until the time of his death after which the council of Buddhist Onk collected and recorded his teachings as well as his oral traditions in the written form.
6 pages (1500 words) Research Paper
Statistics show that there are more than fifty ethnic groups that call China home. China has a population of 1.34 billion people. There is no official religion in China due to the fact that it is a communist state. Half of the population in China do not have any religious affiliations and in some cases identify themselves as atheists.
13 pages (3250 words) Research Paper
Cultures of United Kingdom and China

The author stats that both countries have a rich and thorough history, much of which is propagated by their governments. The result of which is immense diversity and a strong cultural sense. The UK and China are two countries, so rich in cultural history and diversity that it becomes hard to touch upon all aspects of their distinct cultures.

17 pages (3500 words) Research Paper
Sociology - Religion and Societies Research paper on Falun Gong
Cold War era however, such distinctions no longer matter as culture, religion, language, history, customs and institutions define world affairs and the principle actors are the different civilisations (Huntington, 21). The rivalry of superpowers that existed in previous eras
5 pages (1250 words) Research Paper
Taoism Religion
However, although other religions are also multi-faced, studies show that Taoism is more multi-faced than most of these religions, this is because for a long time this religion has been involved in several Chinese divergent strands.
4 pages (1000 words) Research Paper
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Religion in China for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
  • About StudentShare

  • Testimonials

  • FAQ

  • Blog

  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays

  • The Newest Essay Topics
Join us:
Contact Us