In the early Christianity, there was no separation in the description of roles of men and women. But as the time passed by and the rights of religion started changing, there started arising negative aspects of Christianity, which said men and women are not equal and that women are inferior to men (Witherington & Witherington, pp.19-22). In the ancient Greece and Rome in Christian societies, men considered women as inferior to them and they treated them as some property possessed by them. In those days, women teachers used to preach about the second coming of Christ and that this world will end very soon. At that time, Christian churches started enjoying the cuff, which lead to patriarchal thought in Christianity emphasizing on unequal treatment of men and women. This cuff remained for next two thousand years and proved to be very brutal for women. People slaughtered women pitilessly giving them the names of witches. This atrocity continued until twentieth century, only after that there was a change in this activity (Laporte, pp.15-16). This change was only possible because of initial protest of women for women rights in 1960s. This movement brought an intense change in the role of women in Christianity and women’s rights highlighted (Kung, pp.12-13). A feminist theology emerged containing prose on women’s role in Christianity and expressed God through a feminine image. Women started experiencing social, political, and cultural freedom and equality after 1960s but the patriarchal thought did not disappear completely. Its shadows still prevailed in the form of sexual dualism. This idea suggested that men and women are not only biologically different but men are more religious and stronger than women are. Whereas women were more poignant and instructive than men were. This concept was prevailing since the Greek times and only first women protest of 1960 had courage to challenge these thoughts. There aroused another concept called Marian Devotion regarding women and it proved to be controversial because Catholics appreciated this phenomenon where as protestants were in strong opposition. Many people assumed that this was strengthening the feminine view of God while others said that it was in fact damaging the feminine movement because it was destructing womanhood of women. The sexual and civilizing rebellion of the 1970s and 80s specifically desired to get rid of elevated pedestals of probity emotionally involved in womanhood (Kung, pp. 16-20). There appeared two parallel movements one as a religious and other as societal. These two movements were modern and conventional in nature. The goddess reverence, “Jesus’ movement, and Marian devotion influenced the liberal feminist theological movement” (Kung, pp. 16-20). Whereas the religious rights in Christianity works on the key of sexual dualism. The religious right strives to discover morals only within customary tradition and they refuse to accept the amendment of any kind to a customary manner. The religious right resists the liberal reproductive rights of women particularly the right of abortion and homosexuality. It also does not accept the cloning technology look for reinstatement of traditional family principles standing on the patriarchal system. In the beginning, the religious rights were only supporting the faith but then they augmented their presence in important matters of the society, such as culture and politics so they that they affect the society with their opinions. It is very likely that religious rights have abhorrence for women because they doubt that women will
The role of women in Christianity is a very intricate topic to discuss because Christianity is a very large religion and possess multidimensional aspects derived from Catholic and Protestants denominations…
The Easter controversy was regarding the date on which Easter should be celebrated. The Asian Christians celebrated it on the 14 Nisan whereas the Romans believed that the fast of Easter should be observed from Friday to Sunday following the 14 Nisan.
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The African American church grew out of the religious expression of Africans who had come to America during the country's early history. These Africans came both as free people and as slaves. As slavery became firmly established in the American colonies the Africans continued to express their religion from their own countries, but they were forced to suppress it after their lives became controlled by the slave masters.
A trade union, or a labor union, is defined as a coalition of workers who voluntarily come together to achieve common goals and objectives (Dumont and Hacourt). Often, the ultimate goal of these organizations is to secure higher pay for workers, better working conditions and promotion.
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The idea of one God, ‘monotheism’ developed over a period of time which gave rise to the idea of ‘monolatry’ wherein other God’s exist but only one God is worshipped. During the 14th Century B.C, Egypt introduced the idea of monotheism
s Creed, Nicene Creed, and the Athanasian Creed) primarily have in common their basic beliefs in one omnipotent, omniscient and eternal God, creator of the universe; in Jesus Christ, the foretold messiah, Son of God; the Holy Spirit’s role in the lives of Christians; the Bible
And yet, it appears that there is no clear public understanding of the realities of women’s and girls’ lives in this country” (Inashaza, 2006).
The main objective of the study here is to identify the various roles taken up by the American women in the
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