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Overview of Second Century Christianity
Religion and Theology
Pages 6 (1506 words)
The second Century was of critical importance in the history of the church. The last surviving apostle with direct contact to Jesus had passed away in Anatolia in AD100. The church was spreading, structures were changing. It was time for an acid test for this new faith, as it’s leadership was passing hands to a generation, which had not heard and seen Jesus first hand.
One of great import was the communicatio idiomatum. What were the scriptures and how were they to be interpreted and understood was such a vital question. Many solutions were being out forward and the church fathers of this period had had to propose and refute. The senses of scripture emerged and became part of interpretive strategy but not without their own specific problems. The influence of the Greek and platonic times were still evident in society and was making their impact felt even in the Christian faith. Gnosticism would emerge and be dealt with but never with complete success. The church continued to grow and with the passing of time the various councils began to play a critical role in the defense of authentic faith, and the role of liturgies would become invaluable. Christianity, which started as a first century Jewish cult spread rapidly over the Greco-Roman world. Its early period can be divided into two definite phases. First is the apostolic period. The Post Apostolic period stretched from the late first century until the Council of Nicaea in 325. The area of our focus namely the 2nd century fits into the Post Apostolic period. This was also known as the Ante Nicene period. ...
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