“Luther thought music to be a gift from God and considered it of the highest importance next to the preaching of the Word (i.e., theology)1” . Luther’s theological views on music and his instigation of different methods of worship in the Catholic Church have helped Christians during the reformation era revitalize their faith. Catholicism is not compatible with Lutheran’s brand of liturgy because their religious principles are widely distinct. Catholicism embraced superstition. Catholicism’s worship was grounded on tradition, rather than on the Word of God. Catholicism’s worship remained locked in an incomprehensible language to the masses. Catholicism’s liturgy was static, predictable, meaningless and therefore, not spiritually edifying to the congregant. With such doctrines as the Eucharist, purgatory, the worship of relics, indulgences and Latinized readings, the masses were not being fed nourishing spiritual food which would be salvific in nature and lead to their salvation. Catholicism instructed the multitudes in errors, primarily concerned with death, which warped their perceptions of God, causing them to deviate further from the truth. The Eucharist service is one in which Catholic believers are encouraged to equate the presence of the Lord Jesus with the bread and wine of Communion. The Communion celebrates the death of Christ and in Catholicism, congregants observe more emphatically the sacrifice of the Savior without impressing upon the people’s minds the reality of Christ as a risen Lord. The Catechism affirms that Christ Jesus… “is present . . . most especially in the Eucharistic species”2 Devotion in honor of the dead is another prevailing conviction advocated in Catholicism. The idea was held in wide currency that the dead somehow acquire divine power when called upon can help the living in distress, because of the alleged virtue of now residing in heaven. For the Catholic service “another common practice was the worship of relics, or physical objects such as bones or keepsakes of famous saints”3 . Adherents firmly believed that the possession and worship of relics would sanctify them in some manner and improve their opportunities at being saved. The deception was that the relics were in reality the bones of dead animals which the clergy designated as the bones of saints. Another doctrine forwarded by Catholicism was purgatory. In the Catholic liturgy “through congregational participation the people could effectively work themselves and their deceased loved ones out of purgatory and into heaven …such celebrations included requiem masses, vigils, the common week, and All Souls’ Day”4 (Dieter). Purgatory is the teaching that the souls of the dead are in a state of limbo between heaven and hell. To rescue the deceased souls, the faithful were expected to pay large sums of money for extra masses and prayers so that the dead would be redeemed and enter heaven’s gates. Indulgences is another liturgical rite in which “pieces of parchment were said to possess the power to credit the buyers with the merits of Christ together with the superabundant merits of all the saints” to deliver the beloved dead from perdition in purgatory. These rounds of superstition only confirmed the belief in error and steered the flock from the principles of justification by faith, the word of God and Jesus Christ alone. As a result, the Reformation rose
Martin Luther’s Theology of Music and the Reformation of Faith for Protestants . Even before Martin Luther (1483-1546) was excommunicated from the Catholic Church, he cherished and furthered revolutionary ideas of worship and liturgy in the church. Luther’s position and contributions to music cannot be understood apart from his reformation theology…
..……4 The believers and the Christian Church…………………………………………………….…6 Social impact of Lutheran Reformation……………………………………………………….7 Political impact of Lutheran Reformation……………………………………………………..8 Religious impact of Lutheran Reformation………………………………………………….
The history of Christian teachings became clearly spelt from the first century and is recorded in the New Testament. Christianity borrowed heavily from Judaism and other pagan concepts. A feature such as observation of Sunday as the Sabbath day was borrowed from non-Christian Romans while Christmas concepts were borrowed from Babylonians.
History of the Reformation is a subject of many societies which are engaged in the history of religion and churches, as well as special public societies on the history of the Reformation in Germany and the U.S. The greatest attention of western researchers is drawn by the Reformation in Germany (more precisely – the study of Martin Luther’s theology), Calvinism, Christian humanism (especially Erasmus).
Calvin John, King Luther and other earlier Christians initiated the Protestant reformation. The second wave of the reformation, which became more popular, is the Anabaptists, who are the protestant Christians. Although some scholars consider Anabaptists as a distinctive movement from Protestantism, it created radical reformation in 16th century in Europe1 (Renwick 143).
Martin Luther King’s belief about Africans and Africa in general is an integral issue of any analysis of how his ideas went beyond the land of America to take on a global importance. Sadly, his thoughts about African Diaspora have not been thoroughly examined.
itiated the protestant reformation that contributed to varied changes. Martin Luther was born in 1483 at the Roman Catholic family in the small town of Eisleben, which is currently known as Southeast German1. His father was a farmer and he worked hard in order to ensure that their son had proper education; thus by 21 years old, Martin acquired master degree in Arts from the Erfurt University.
His contributions have lived across generations and have inspired people across the globe. The objective of this essay is to critically analyze the ways in which Martin Luther King influenced the world. Martin Luther King was born on 15 January 1929, in Atlanta, United States (The Official Website of the Nobel Prize, n.
The best thing about him was that he led non-violent protests for the members of his race. Martin Luther King Jr. was a clergyman who introduced social change in a peaceful way. Later, with the passage of time, he became a
The American society, since the days of her independence, had racially subjugated the blacks in the country in varied spheres of life. From the school systems, medical facilities, transport facilities, dwelling places and the job opportunities, the blacks were continuously discriminated against, and indeed led the lives of destitution.
14 pages (3500 words)Research Paper
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