Name: Instructor: Course: Date: History of Ancient Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Pre-Muslim Ghana The European and other powers that colonized Africa, described Africa as “a Dark Continent” when they began exploring Africa. They saw African continent as a land of opportunities but a dangerous place for them…
Some of the countries that enjoyed great civilization in the Dark Continent before their colonization include Zimbabwe, Mali, and Pre-Muslim Ghana. The Great Zimbabwe The Great Zimbabwe is one of the ruined cities. The Great Zimbabwe that was once considered as the capital of the kingdom of Zimbabwe existed between 1100 and 1450 during its late Iron Age. The existence of Zimbabwe can be traced back in the eleventh century. The countries great history can as well be considered to have been constructed and well developed in the fourteenth century. The great Zimbabwe was the royal palace for the monarchy of the Zimbabweans. The monarchy was used as a seat for political power (Raftopoulos & Mlambo 39). This country enjoyed numerous achievement including prominent wall features that were over five meters high that were constructed without mortar. Civilization of the ancient Zimbabwe was considered the most significant world civilization in the medieval period. Despite the great achievement or civilization that had been attained by the native Zimbabweans, several white settlers disputed and disgruntled such great civilization saying such degree of civilization could have not been achieved by this black nation. Most of imperialists including the British, Germans, and the Portuguese used their resources to dismiss civilization of the great Zimbabwe. They adamantly argued that there are some other more civilized nations in Zimbabwe; thus, the great achievements in that land (Raftopoulos & Mlambo 172). However, the native had achieved the knowledge of art that they perfectly used to construct the monument: a fact that was greatly disputed by whites. Other than the monument that reflected the great achievement of the Zimbabweans, the great Zimbabwe had become an important center for both politics and commercial activities. In addition, the country had an extensive trading network and commercial activities. Notablely, Zimbabwe was a powerful center for political kingdom that had a central rule, which is approximated to have lasted for a period of 350 years that is between 1100 and 1450 AD. During this period, it is recorded in the historic books that the great Zimbabwe had accumulated much wealth that were misused by the European explorers, souvenir seekers, treasure hunters, and plunderers including Richard Hall (Raftopoulos & Mlambo 139). It is recorded that European groups vandalized, destroyed, and hauled the artifacts that were found in the great civilization of Zimbabwe and later sent them to museums in Europe, South Africa, and America. Finally, the ancient Zimbabwe is remembered of its international or cross border trade. The trading items included iron, gold, tin, copper, cattle, and cowrie shells. The Zimbabwe traders in return exchanged for items including glassware from Syria, minted coin from Tanzania, Kilwa, and Persian alongside ceramic from Chinese people (Raftopoulos & Mlambo 113). Pre-Muslim Ghana Ghana is one of the western kingdoms. It was founded along the upper Niger in the Fourth Century as federation of village states and the Soninke farmers inhabited it. According to some legends, Ghana was first ruled by Berber dynasty who was overthrown in the 700 A.D. During this period, Kaya Mughau led an uprising alongside his relatives, and managed to kill the last white ruler, and this is marked the establishment of the Soninke dynasty. Kaya was regarded a great warrior (Gocking ...
Cite this document
(“History of Ancient Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Pre-Muslim Ghana Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/54626-zimbabwe-mali-pre-muslim-ghana
(History of Ancient Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Pre-Muslim Ghana Essay)
“History of Ancient Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Pre-Muslim Ghana Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/54626-zimbabwe-mali-pre-muslim-ghana.
A key development in Ancient Greece is the establishment of democracy, albeit to a privileged section of the population. Athenian democracy was thus the earliest instance of this noble institution, whose example continues to inspire and encourage contemporary nation states in various parts of the world.
The land is believed to be the best known site for archeological expeditions in Pakistan. As (Aldrovandi, 6) further explains ‘Taxila had also been a great religious centre. In this regard it yielded a good number of sacred places of various religions of which Buddhism was certainly the most predominant’.
For example, unlike Ghana, a great deal more information and written records about the kingdom of Mali still exist. With the resources that have endured a much better understanding of Mali can be established. Like Ghana, however, most of the information that is known about Mali comes from Islamic scholars and travelers.
The essence of this discussion is to make assessments on the 4 Pre Confederation Canadian staples namely; fur, fish, wheat and timber. How these staples changed New France to socially, economically and politically advance.
The symbols such as "Venda" and "Shona" are used to clearly explain well how political civilization in Great Zimbabwe starts. It showed the separation of men and women based on geographical maps on entrances and how do they categorized "royals" from the typical worker in the society.
Moreover, a kingdom ought to have a strong and efficient army base to determine its superiority over its subjects and enemies. Besides, trade strengthens an empire over its opponents. This was the case in the Ghana Empire, through its extensive
Looking at the sculpture, one clearly gets the impression that the person was an authoritative figure. The golden color of the sculpture only stresses the importance of the sculpted figure of the paramount chief. This is
Inspired by the prominent place the Sunjata epic holds in African oral tradition, Jansen seeks to establish the ultimate version of the Sunjata Epic by undergoing careful literary examination of its ceremonial form, like the Kamabolon ceremony.
This book is a
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic History of Ancient Africa: Zimbabwe, Mali, Pre-Muslim Ghana for FREE!