Shamanism in Korea.
The study of Shamanism gives an extremely interesting understanding of indigenous folk religions of Northeast Asia. Shamanism deals with a wide range of practices and beliefs through which their practitioners (shamans) communicate with the spiritual world…
The study of Shamanism gives an extremely interesting understanding of indigenous folk religions of Northeast Asia. Shamanism deals with a wide range of practices and beliefs through which their practitioners (shamans) communicate with the spiritual world. Ordinary individuals can only become shamans when they receive their calling. They tread supernatural dimensions and specialize in spiritual, mental and physical healing with the help of spirits (San-Hung A3). The present paper portrays an overview of shamanism in Korea. Korean shamanism is still an active practice and is deeply rooted in the people's ethnic consciousness (Stutley 23). It not only coexisted with other major religions such as Christianity, Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, but also influenced them. The rituals performed by Korean shamans range from pig offerings for placating the gods, to walking barefoot on sharp knives to intimidate evil spirits (San-Hung A3). Shamanism in Korea has a rich history. It has affected the political, cultural and religious aspects of the country and survived years of suppression by foreign and local powers. This paper attempts to provide a brief overview of Korean shamanism, detailing its origins, concepts of god, rituals, songs, materialistic beliefs, and healing therapies. It also discusses the suppressions experienced by shamanism, and its post-modern revival. This would provide a good understanding of the Korean folk religion that is witnessing a growing interest from all quarters of the world. Korean Shamanism Overview Shamanism in Korea is known as sin'gyo, which means 'the religion of the gods'. It includes a sun and a bear cult apart from ancestor worship, suggesting a link between Korean shamanism and Siberian, Manchurian and Central Asian cultures. Prior to the advent of the Choson Dynasty, Korean shamans had a high social status and some were even rulers. For instance, the second ruler of the Sila Dynasty, Namhae, was a shaman. The high social standing and privileges enjoyed by shamans were lost since the arrival of other religions in South Korea. Yet, there were about 100,000 shamans in Korea in 1973. Until Korea was annexed by Japan in 1910, most shamans retained their functions at national sacrificial and royal rites. The Japanese destroyed most of the native religion by arresting shamans and raiding sacrificial ceremonies and offerings. Once Korea was liberated from Japan in 1945, shamans and their followers were persecuted by hostile Christians, who called them "devotees of the devil" (Stutley 23). Shamanism in Communist North Korea had to go underground due to its intolerance towards the folk religion. Shamanism in Korea is based on native ancient beliefs and traditions. Most shamans are women who found their calling after realizing they could serve as mediators between the spirit world and the human world, after surviving a critical sickness. According to their beliefs, spirits of ancestors, animals, trees and even non-living things exist in the air and interact with people, affecting their lives and fortunes (San-Hung A3). The Origin of Korean Shamanism The origin of Korean shamanism is not certain and is difficult to determine (Lee 135). This is because of the complexity of the religion as its practices diversified in different provinces, making it difficult to trace the source of its origin. Unsuccessful attempts were made during the end of the Yi Dynasty to unify the various practices of shamanism into one system (Lee I 135). While the term Mu was used to refer to shamans prior to the Yi Dynasty, ...
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“Shamanism in Korea Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/religion-and-theology/54849-shaman-in-korea.
WITCHCRAFT AND SHAMANISM. It is one of the most distinguished innate characteristics of human nature that they do not confine themselves to the perceptible natural and social phenomena existing all around them. On the contrary, they appear to be determined for exploring the realities concealed under the pile of mystery and suspense, but certainly contain imperative significance in their nature and scope.
Its borders meet with China, Japan, North Korea, and East China Sea (Haggett, 2002). Its topography comes under dominance with rugged and mountainous landscape with deep gorges. The climatic conditions of the region are moist, damp, and mild, with heavy rainfall during the summer months (Haggett, 2002).
This though changed in the 1980s when the government started liberalizing the banks but individuals were not allowed to purchase shares directly from these institutions. In the late 1980s, South Korea had a well established banking system as well as a securities market (Goldstein, 1998).
The term Shamanism is coined from Envek language found in the Northern Asia and its introduction to the west is due to the invasion of the Khanate of Kazan around 1552 (Drury 29). After the introduction of Shamanism in the west, most of the western scholars learned more about the magico-religious activities in many parts of the world and termed them Shamanism, as the historians maintained that shamanism played a very important part in the development of the pre-Christian religious activities in Europe.
From these feelings of insecurity developed the need for such a system that could heal diseases and bring a sense of well being for the community in the form of successful hunting, good rain, weather control and fertility of land. In order to activate that system a Guru was needed who could serve as the connective link between the lesser mortals and the Divine.
They involve accounts of healings, spiritual journeys, special characteristics, foibles and shamanic careers. Narrative memories of exceptional shamanic practitioners may even outlive their subject and persist beyond the practice of shamanism in that particular community.
ity have been on the rise including for instance opening of brutal political prison camp and curtailing various freedom to information, association and movement. Major economies like United States and China, however, can still do a lot to stop these atrocities not just in North
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