As part of discussing the arguments made by each author, this study will present some self-evidence and/or empirical evidences behind the claims or arguments of each author. Comparison between the Philosophical and Theoretical Views on the Nature of Logos Plato was one of the great Greek philosophers in our history. Inspired by the theories of Parmenides, Plato mentioned that the term “logos” is a Greek term which means both the spoken and unspoken thoughts and reasoning that are rational by principles (Hillar, 1998). Since the era of Heraclitus, Audi (1999) revealed that the philosophical view of logos eventually became the basic philosophical theory of order and knowledge. The study of theology is focused on analyzing issues related to religion. As an essential part of the 1st century Jewish religious beliefs (Boyarin, 2001), the nature of logos is very much focused on revealing the truths. Given that the “logos” of theology is based on religious concept, Platonic defined logos as the divine “soul of the man Jesus Christ” (Basic Theology, 2012). It means that theological “logos” is all about thinking and uttering the word of God. Unlike the philosophical point-of-views, the Greek term “logos” (when based on a theological perspective) is simply referring to the act of speaking God’s words (Brent, 1999). It means that the nature of logos under the theological point-of-views is based on theological reasoning rather than pure rational reasoning. Conclusion that Boyarin (2001) Aims to Establish Published under the Harvard Theological Review, Boyarin (2001) wrote the article entitled “The Gospel of the Memra: Jewish Binitarianism and the Prologue to John”. In this article, the author thoroughly discussed the nature and significance of logos based on the views of theology (i.e. Judaism and Christianity) and philosphy. Unlike in Christianity which considers Jesus Christ as the son of God, Boyarin (2001) mentioned that the Deity is considered as the ultimate form of god. Regardless of whether or not a specific religion considers a Deity or Christ as the creator of this world, it will remain a fact that the logos of theology will always be associated with the reasoning of God. On the contrary, the logos of philosophy is not based on religious concept but rather based on the reasoning that is currently being used to govern the world. In other word, the philosophy of logos is not purely based on the teachings of God but more on a set of rules that people are obliged to observe when living in a particular society. Conclusion that Hillar (1998) Aims to Establish Hillar (1998) wrote the article entitled “The Logos and its Function in the Writings of Philo of Alexandria: Greek Interpretation of the Hebrew Myth and Foundations of Christianity”. According to Hillar (1998), Philo’s concept of logos is not clear because of his religious and mystical point-of-views. Since Philo’s religious views is very strong, God is considered as the ultimate goal whereas logos is considered as the “wisdom of God” (Hillar). Referring to God’s chief messenger, logos serve as the link between the human creatures in this world and God. Within this context, it means that the divine logos will allow the human
Reason, Faith and Logos Total Number of Words: 2,000 Introduction Hillar (1998) mentioned that the Greek word “logos” is commonly used in the study of philosophy and religion. Since the term “logos” is applicable to philosophical and theological theories, logos could mean a lot of different thing to different people…
Specifically, Greek antiquity, the Christian tradition, Renaissance and Enlightenment thought, Hegel and Descartes, Existentialism and Pragmatism are considered. The research argues that while much of the rationality and conclusions reached in these historical investigations have since been discarded by contemporary thinkers one recognizes that in many instances faith-based investigation into god and reasoning have been aligned with each, as well as with traditional academics concerns, such as politics and culture.
On the other hand, reason as the name implies, is the justification that is put forth to explain a belief, phenomenon or conception. Reason is normally made up of scientific discoveries of facts or else, it may also be the outcome of an individual’s personal opinion.
There is a significant relationship between faith and reason in St. Augustine’s Confessions. In book 1, St. Augustine states “...and in Thee live the eternal reasons of all things unreasoning and temporal”1. The verse shows that Saint Augustine God allows everything that happens on a person, community or country.
But that was four centuries ago, and those four centuries have seen science and faith grow further and further apart. The examples are legion: multiple world wars aided and abetted by new destructive technologies made possible by science, the nuclear arms race, environmental degradation on a planetary scale, a growing divide between the have most and have nots, the multitude of scientific discoveries that show that the universe is far less ordered from on high than Bacon would ever have believed – evolution, relativity, dark matter, dark energy, quantum physics, quantum gravity, punctuated equilibrium, quarks, and more.
Rodney Stark opposes this thought head-on with his assertion that the Church's position was always one of informed faith, i.e., that science was advanced by deeply religious scholars, and therefore the two are companionable. His premise is that reason has the power to assist us in obtaining deeper insights into divine purpose and make our faith stronger.
Hope is the context or medium of faith, what renders faith viable, because without hope, what faith opens itself to would be either prosaic or meaningless, ordinary or irrelevant. The synonyms of faith are 'belief and trust'.
Faith is usually connected with religious practices and actions.
Faith transcends reason. Reason gets stuck up at the last hurdle and knocks desperately at the portals of faith. But the doors of faith will never open, so far as an individual sticks to reason. When logic surrenders, the true nature of faith
Reason is normally made up of scientific discoveries of facts or else, it may also be the outcome of an individual’s personal opinion. Reasoning is the name of explanation with justification. Justification in turn is drawn from universally acknowledged facts and
As the society evolved, so did the religion. So, the primitive faith in the metaphysical explanation of the natural phenomena was substituted by a more sophisticated spiritual framework which can be exemplified
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