Politics intersects with religion in the sense that they both influence the lives of the people that are under their control (Narayanan 23). Most of the European colonial powers used religion to infiltrate and colonize most parts of the world. In this essay, I will discuss Hindu religious thoughts in light of the British rule in 1750-1945. The Hindu religious thoughts The Hindu religious thoughts comprised of a number of principles, ideas and practices that gave rise to different religious schools of thought. Each of these schools believed in a Supreme Deity and had temples with religious leaders. The various schools appear to hold divergent religious views, but they all base their teachings on the doctrine of the Hindu religion (Micheals 13). Hindu religion indoctrinates its followers with doctrines such as dharma, divinity of the atman, karma and reincarnation. They also teach on the sacraments and the scriptural authority of the Vedas. These schools of worship simply represent the various ways of worship. They emerged to serve the different tastes, classes and aptitudes of the people. From time immemorial, Hinduism was the major religion in India. This is the third largest world religion with its followers mostly found in the Asian continent. Hinduism was and still is the dominant religion in India. It is a religion that emanated from diverse thoughts and beliefs. Hinduism is often referred to as the religion of 300 gods. This religion is founded on the tenets of the Indian philosophy. This philosophy purports that eternal bliss and salvation are the rewards of a righteously-led life. The philosophy also suggests that the spirit that resides within an individual plays a pivotal role in every aspect of the individual’s life (Narayanan 29). The Indian philosophy has stood the test of time and remained unchanged. It is multifaceted and comprises of three components namely: the Hindu philosophy, Buddhist philosophy and Jain philosophy. The Indian philosophy influences all the spheres of life. Religious leaders in the pre-colonial India played a key role in offering directions to their followers on all matters; their word was taken as the truth (Micheals 19). These leaders inspired their followers to lead righteous lives and keep away from influences that would “pollute” their lives. The British rule The British rule in India altered the course of history in this Asian sub continent. Their arrival happened at the onset of the seventeenth century. Initially the British entered into the India to pursue trade interests. They entered the country under the guise of the British East India Company. This company was formed purposefully to break the Dutch’s dominance of the spice trade in the country. Several events happened and a temporary occupancy that was meant for trade turned into a permanent colonial stay (Forster 5). The British East India Company The Indian subcontinent came under the British in a systematic way; the British entered India with the sole intention of participating in the spice trade. Various British merchants united to form the British East India Company. This company’s core duty was to safeguard the interests of the merchants. The company worked closely with the reigning monarchs who afforded them security. Upon the collapse of the Mughal Empire, several smaller kingdoms arose to fill the vacuum (Forster 23). The Mughal kingdom’s demise occurred due to the maltreatment it meted on the Indians. The dynasty persecuted the followers of Hinduism
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The Hindu religious thoughts comprised of a number of principles, ideas and practices. Each of these schools believed in a Supreme Deity and had temples with religious leaders. The various schools appear to hold divergent religious views, but they all base their teachings on the doctrine of the Hindu religion.
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