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Religion and Theology - Essay Example

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Religion and Theology

In other words, it could be stated that a certain action whose intentional outcomes are good is permissible although it might lead to unintentional harmful consequences, considered as a side effect. However there are certain conditions that must be fulfilled. 1. Nature of an action which says that the action should be either ethically indifferent or it should be good. 2. Means-end condition which says that the worse consequences of an action should not be the means to get the good result. 3. The intention should always be right i.e., the action should be intended to bear good results and the worse outcomes should always be unintended and considered as a side effect. 4. Proportionality condition that requires that the good outcomes of an action must weigh proportional to the bad ones. One of the best examples of application of this principle can be the doctor’s verdict to increase the dosage of anodyne, such as Morphine, to sooth the pain of a critically ill patient. Although the doctor knows that the increased dosage may be lethal. This doctrine suggests this act to be ethical as the doctor’s intentions are to ease the pain of patient and not to let him die. This particular example can be explained by considering the conditions of PDE. The doctor’s intention is to ease out the pain, so it fulfills the first condition, as the nature of the action is good. The doctor isn’t using Morphine to let the patient die and ultimately relieved from his sufferings but to ease out his pain. Thus the

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doctor does not intend to harm the person in order to relieve him, but the harm that may result is the outcome of his decision for the good of patient. It fulfills the third condition that the harmful outcome is not the means to achieve good but a side effect of an intended good act. However, if the dosage is lethal enough that the patient dies ultimately then this act can’t be justified as easing of pain (the good intended) doesn’t outweigh the death (the bad side effect) and the proportionality condition is not met. 2. Part B 1. The categorical imperative suggests that the moral law is the only imperative that directs us unconditionally. In other words act on an aphorism that can be held as a universal law and if it can’t qualify, it will be immoral. The other formulation of Kant’s categorical imperative is to treat humanity always as an end, not solely as a means to end. These two formulations can be explained by quoting an example. If one needs money but also is aware of the fact that he will be unable to repay money if borrowed. In such a case if he falsely promises to a person in order to borrow money. This act can be judged by using the two formulations. If this act becomes universal law then no one will ever lend money to other person as a breach of trust results. Moreover, getting money thru deceiving a person shows that the lender has been treated as a means to satisfy one’s own need. Therefore, such an act can’t be considered moral in either way. Considering another scenario where an experimental drug protocol uses a “new” drug along with a placebo instead of, the “drug X” regimen, the prevalent care standard. Analyzing this act of medical practitioners on the basis of categorical imperative does not require foreseeing the after effects and the nature of the act but to see the universality of the act and the dignity of humanity being undermined. Since treating a patient in such a way to test a new formulation instead of using standard treatment, can’t be applied always. Thus this act loses its universal application and could be termed to be immoral and unethical. Considering the second formulation in this case, treating a patient with a new drug in order to test that drug’

Summary

The principle or rule of double effect deals with a series of ethical standards, used to assess the acceptability of an act which would otherwise be legitimate but may also lead to certain undesirable outcomes. …
Author : davontesmith
Religion and Theology essay example
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