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Comparing the Synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke - Essay Example

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(Name) (Professor) (Subject) (Date) The Synoptic Problem of the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke The Literary Relationship between the Three Synoptic Gospels The three Synoptic Gospels – Matthew, Mark and Luke – all have a literary relationship not only because “Mark relied on Matthew” or “Luke relied on Mark and Matthew” (Conte), or “Matthew and Luke relied on Mark” (Just), but also because the events in all three gospels follow the same sequence and are very similar in nature…

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Comparing the Synoptic Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke

Such similarity in events prove the literary relationship among the three Synoptic Gospels. The Argument that Mark was written first One of the reasons which suppose that Mark was written first is the Two Document Hypothesis, which states that “the synoptic gospels [is made up of] two written sources, Mark and Q” and that “Mark is the earliest of the gospels, written 65-70 A.D., and was used by the authors of Matthew and Luke as the narrative framework for their gospels” (Bercovitz). While disregarding the document Q, according to the theory, the two later gospels – Matthew and Luke – have simply “improved upon the grammar and diction of Mark” (Bercovitz). Thus, this implies that the grammar and diction of Mark was rather more “primitive” in context and that its wording is usually “fuller” compared to Matthew and Luke (“Synoptic Problem”). This explains the “several grammatical, literary, historical and geographical difficulties [or minor errors found in Mark but] not found in Matthew and Luke” (Just). ...
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