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Religion and Theology
Pages 3 (753 words)
Our Lady of Guadalupe Cult and Hidalgo’s Mission [Student’s Name] [Subject’s Name] [Instructor’s Name] July 16, 2012 The introduction of Roman Catholicism to Mexico led to the complex interplay between local belief system and the new Christian orthodoxy.
The history of Our Lady of Guadalupe is both simple and complicated. According to official hagiography, a certain Juan Diego, an Indian peasant from Cuauhtitlan near Mexico, saw a Marian apparition on the Hill of Tepeyac, on December, 9, 1531. As the Feast of the Immaculate Conception was celebrated across Spanish holdings on that day, the vision of Virgin Mary was considered to be especially symbolic and powerful. Juan Diego was told by the Virgin, who manifested as a young girl, that she wished that a church be built and consecrated in Her honor on the Hill. When Juan approached the Archbishop of Mexico, the latter requested that he present to the Church the evidence of the Divine character of his vision. Juan Diego found the Castilian roses on the Hill of Tepeyac, putting them into his cloak. When he opened the cloak to the Archbishop, the visage of Virgin Mary was imprinted on it. Hence, the cult of Our Lady of Guadalupe was born – or, at least, so it is told in the orthodox legend. The exact origins of the cult of Our Lady of Guadalupe seem to be rather more complicated. The Hill of Tepeyak used to be the holy place of an Aztec mother-goddess, Tonantzin, housing her temple until the latter was destroyed by the Spaniards. Nevertheless, the Spanish conquerors decided to utilize the temple’s place for the needs of their own religion, and the shrine to Virgin Mary was soon consecrated there. ...
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